types of discussion method of teaching

I also love the way that multiple methods can be combined to move through different modalities in a discussion. Pairs share their ideas with the pair they just joined. The only requirement: that it quote and discuss a passage from the day’s reading assignment. And second, discussion is supposed to develop the students’ social interaction skills. I stick to study questions and random calling to try to avoid shallowness but spread out participation beyond the usual suspects. Don’t do it folks. I structure my classes as Socratic Seminars with a variation: all of the students type up a three page response to the day’s reading. I, too, am guilty of asking my students to ‘discuss … with a partner’ on occasion. Your email address will not be published. In other words, none of the “B” group got to work with anyone else in the “B” group. One person from each group (the “speaker”) sits in a desk facing speakers from the other groups, so they form a square in the center of the room. (v) This method is not adaptable to all teaching-learning situ­ations. There are no clear cut positions or stands to be taken. If you’ve struggled to find effective ways to develop students’ speaking and listening skills, this is your lucky day. Jean, that sounds great! TOS How could we possibly think like college students when we’re just lowly, Pubblically empoloyed . … Love it! Hello Elisabeth. Such discussion may be initiated by the teacher by asking one student to present reports and others to discuss them in detail. Given than many of you are very experienced teachers, any advice or suggestions would be very helpful! A Structured Academic Controversy, or SAC, from David and Roger Johnson (cooperative learning, U of MN) positions students on both sides of an issue and encourages consensus building. Next, the teacher says Teach!, the class responds with Okay!, and pairs of students take turns re-teaching the concept to each other. Thanks for some great ideas!! In less formal variations (which require less prep), a teacher may simply read provocative statements students are likely to disagree on, and a debate can occur spontaneously without a text to refer to (I call this variation This or That in my classroom icebreakers post). Check it out at http://spiderwebdiscussion.com/. Discussion method is used in many subjects for many topics. So, I say, “Lean in close to your neighbor and listen to his ideas on . In this method both the teacher and the students discuss the pros and cons of the problem and then arrive at some tangible conclusion. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. It’s amazing how many students will send a private message to the teacher to ask a basic question or make a comment, the just want to disappear. Teaching HS science and biology never ceases and to amaze me. It helps the students in analysing critically and drawing conclusion judiciouly. This teaching strategy is quite time consuming. Four lessons were selected in the subject of social studies. Often in math, their homework assignment might be to write 2 problems or 2 questions on an index card. I have used many of them for years, but these will add to my repertoire. #3 Content-Focused Methods. As an undergraduate in secondary math education, I hope to one day teach at the high school level after I finish with my student teaching in the spring of next year. The class activity is happening alongside the chat discussion. 5. Behind each speaker, the remaining group members are seated: two right behind the speaker, then three behind them, and so on, forming a kind of triangle. I’ve utilized it for over 11 years and across 3 continents with wonderful success – if I can do it I know others can as well. I love how engaging and interesting the techniques are to keep students interested. Then, after every rotation in Conver-Stations, each student has to teach their group the problem they have been assigned in order to better solidify their understanding of the problem. I also think it’s important to provide justification for why you are doing something in class for adult students. I’ve used many of them with adult English language learners and also with fellow teachers during professional development sessions. This will develoment a lot of social skills and critical thinking in learners. Here is a detailed essay on Harkness pedagogy, its historical roots, and philosophical underpinnings. Your article helped me to improve our discussion and I will share this with a colleague. Discussion should be stimulated by way of questioning by the teacher. One student remarked that she saw approaches to problems that were very different from her way of approaching them and she found that she learned a lot from being able to see the other students’ working. I would add Flipgrid, Yo Teach!, Parlay, and possibly Kialo to the list. The teacher “becomes a resource rather than an authority”. It’s less collaborative and more stressful for the students than Socratic, but those competitive kids just SHINE and love them. We are so glad that you are finding value in Cult of Pedagogy. https://www.empoweringells.com/a7-teaching-harkness/. I also like the affinity mapping idea, especially since it is an independent, quiet thinking like activity at first, and then becomes a group discussion and involves teamwork to categorize the sticky notes/answers. The particular discussion type that was judged by a teacher to be most like his/her own was further elaborated in the think-aloud interview until a fairly clear portrait of the teacher's conception was obtained. Students on the outside observe, take notes, or perform some other discussion-related task assigned by the teacher. Emmanuelle, I absolutely think these strategies can be applied to an adult audience. Thank you so much for sharing this feedback! .” The community that is built by placing the focus on listening and not talking has been magnificent. 4. Thank you so much for the recommendation! If a pair finished a question correctly, then a new question was placed at that station for the students to work on. I am so motivated by your article to try different strategies to encourage deeper and meaningful discussions in my class now, that I can’t wait to see it in action! Harkness Discussion has been an anchor in my class and like Peter said has empowered students to be accountable for not what they talk about but how they speak with one another. I’m sure watching other students solve math problems would have the same enlightening impact. The strategy gives students back their minds. This kind of tool allows for a completely silent discussion, one that doesn’t have to move at a super-fast pace, and it gives students who may be reluctant to speak up or who process their thoughts more slowly a chance to fully contribute. Depending on whether they agree or disagree with this statement, students move to one side of the room or the other. They usually have to miss a class, so have to make up that work, but it’s one of those times when talented students are asking for more work, rather than having it crammed down their throats in the guise of differentiation.) At any point, the class can use this record to summarize the discussion or look for common areas of interest or instead points of disagreement. I would also look up Spider Web Discussion by Alexis Wiggins…Game changer! @DigitalNomadRob. Speed Dating technique in one of my classes. I’m so grateful to have stumbled upon your article, and am so excited to start listening to your podcast. For larger classes, teachers may need to set up seminars in more of a fishbowl-like arrangement, dividing students into one inner circle that will participate in the discussion, and one outer circle that silently observes, takes notes, and may eventually trade places with those in the inner circle, sometimes all at once, and sometimes by “tapping in” as the urge strikes them. I have had “Harkness Table” on my list of things to research forever. Thank you. I also love Talking Points from the restorative practices movement. THANK YOU! Small group discussion method 10. Debbie from your team recommended that I take a look at this article – great stuff! I’d add Walk and Talk (give a couple of prompts and send folks out to stroll in pairs either on the track, the playground, or just the sidewalk, depending on ages then debrief the key points from their discussion when the return), and the WASH method by Mike. I teach 6th grade health. Thank you so much for a great idea! They didn’t know any other “formats.” I have only ever been familiar with a few myself. This article was my first online podcast I’ve ever listened to, at least related to education. Three of these groups are assigned to represent specific points of view. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity, Valuable notes on the Narration and discussion method of teaching history. The main goal of a teacher-centered method is to teach and measure the knowledge based on assessments and various tests. Individual discussion. The division by prep time is helpful, thanks. I can definitely see myself implementing them in my class. I must admit at times I am guilty of being that teacher whose planning shows “discussion after the video”! Once they share one idea, their apprehension may lesson and they’ll be more apt to share the next time. St. John (https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED438139). . Thank you! On the other hand, I think the snowball discussion, affinity mapping and gallery walk are great things we can (and do) use, I just didn’t have a name for them. Donut Talk!! We often go the approach of what would be closest to the Socratic Circle, where the students all sit in a circle. The students may not follow the rules of discussion. It started in India, but you can also find it in the suburbs of San Francisco, throughout the slums of South America, and among the Muslim tribes of Africa. Students who are not comfortable with Mathematics are not likely to speak up. It’s not accepted, it’s tolerated rather ambivalently. There’s so much value in students being able to watch one another problem-solve. I asked students for ideas on how to improve the experience. Asynchronous: Padlet, Google Question, shared Google docs/slides/forms, The thing is, my district doesn’t have an LMS beyond Google Classroom with a discussion board, so I’m looking for workarounds. The discussion requires a statement or enumeration of the facts to be analysed. My juniors held focused, academic conversations lasting 15-25 minutes with nobody of task, and no input from me. If I happen to come across anything, I’ll link to it here. Hi Jennifer! Parliamentary discussion. I usually have students aim to see 5 different people which keeps the conversation moving without repeating cards. Every one of these discussion strategies is exemplary! Can you please share strategies for young children who can’t write their thoughts As an aspiring teacher, I’m constantly looking for ways I can improve my teaching because I want to be the best teacher I can for my students (as cliché as that may sound). Such a discussion is quite helpful to students as it helps them to understand current events to analyse and relate facts to real life situations In such a discussion the knowledge of facts is reviewed and an understanding is developed. Of course, the subject of your investigation needs to know how to write an entrance essay for college, and at https://college-homework-help.org/blog/bibliography it is be clearly indicated. Some teachers use this strategy to have students teach one piece of content to their fellow students, making it less of a discussion strategy and more of a peer teaching format. Thanks for this! All types of topics cannot be taught by Discussion Method. Then, student A and B trade cards. Keep in mind that the Teach-Okay method can really apply to any classroom and any activity. Jennifer You are creating a new zone of teacher education. Then, student A would go up to student B and ask them on whatever is on their card. So in my search to find new ways to have students discussing Mathematics in Mathematics class I happened upon this podcast. They can ask privately to each other or the teacher. Directly related to the idea of encouraging discussion in Mathematics class, students also mentioned that the need to explain to others was helpful to them. Examples of learner-centred methods are discussion method, discovery or inquiry-based approach and the Hill’s model of learning through discussion (LTD). Here’s my predicament: Jr. High students get bored with too much repetition. Quite a few of these would work beautifully with a large class, because they offer many students the opportunity to talk at the same time, rather than waiting for one student to talk at a time. One of my favorites for empowering students is the Harkness Method, named after a teacher at Exeter Academy where it has been used for years. Anyone in the room could participate in this conversation on their phone, laptop, or tablet, asking questions, offering commentary, and sharing links to related resources without ever interrupting the flow of the presentations. What happens in between the teacher teaching and the student teaching? Each station started off with two students and they were assigned as “A” group or “B” group. I’m very much grateful for the great discussion strategies. Try Chat Stations. It is also a democratic way of handling a class, where each student is given equal opportunity to interact and put forth their views. I use a different color marker and circulate, asking clarification questions or drawing a smiley face or circling words I think need more focus. Thank you! In other variations, participants are asked to re-combine the ideas into new, different categories after the first round of organization occurs. The lower-level readers are always surprised by how messy the process is–they believe a good reader just goes straight through, without stopping. No-one says ‘anthropology’ like that, or ‘pharmacology’ or any other word whatsover that ends with ‘ogy’. I will definitely put it on my list of things to learn more about. Thank you so much for the great insight, Eric. (iii) The teacher in cooperation with the students should finalise important points and relevant facts. I’m curious about how these strategies would translate to a different audience. I really don’t like the new iphone Podcast format. The Discussion Method in Classroom Teaching Meredith Damien Gall University of Oregon Maxwell Gillett Nepean College of Advanced Education Kingswood, Australia I II I I lib~~~~~ R emarkably versatile and demonstrated as ef-fective at all grade levels, the discussion method has great potential for classroom teaching. Thank you for sharing your ideas. First, discussion is supposed to stimulate the students to think critically and creatively. Basic Structure: Students begin in pairs, responding to a discussion question only with a single partner. Student A can go to student C and repeat the process. One suggestion: discussion feels less ephemeral if some kind of record of it is kept on the board or screen. It can be higher prep activity where I create the questions or discussion starters, but I also like having the kids create their own. Love, love, love it. This is a great teach-reteach method that helps to identify in-the-moment misconceptions and provides students the opportunity to help each other in a very positive way. Students talk to each other as well as to the teacher. Discussion is important to learning in all disciplines because it helps students process information rather than simply receive it. I hope you go back into the earlier episodes and keep listening! I just found this: http://apple.stackexchange.com/questions/182046/podcast-app-not-downloading-episodes-to-iphone Hi Ian! After some time passes, new students rotate from the seats behind the speaker into the center seats and continue the conversation. There are several resources for SAC’s online. Teaching in a Harkness school more than ten years ago led me to develop Spider Web Discussion, and I still am amazed by its power to transform kids into learning leaders. I’ll be sure to pass this on to Jenn. The most popular teaching method, as Eison (2010) claims, is the lecture method. Hi B Sarvay and Jennifer, I wanted to start off by thanking both of you for your opinions on some strategies and educational practices that you have actually implemented and seen to be successful. Leading a discussion requires skills different from lecturing. The class I choose was a small class of 12 students. Some teachers set up one hot seat to represent each side, and students must take turns in the seat. Sherry. I was able to see where there were misconceptions and misunderstandings, and some of the discussions within the circles were great! Yet many teachers are reluctant to use this method. An extensive list of questions is made by the teacher and these should be injected into the discussion at appropriate time. The first time I saw a backchannel in action was at my first unconference: While those of us in the audience listened to presenters and watched a few short video clips, a separate screen was up beside the main screen, projecting something called TodaysMeet (update: TodaysMeet has shut down. Because students will be standing up in front of the class (and usually before a few administrators invited in to judge the debate), they talk a LOT, and very on task, in preparation before the debate, and then, of course, the debate itself involves some back and forth as well. This has proven to be a very effective approach. I think the only one I added that may not have been there is the Town Hall format. These are smaller techniques that can be integrated with other instructional strategies and don’t really stand alone. They read ahead of time and answered questions. After each person has had a chance to share their ideas, the pair joins another pair, creating a group of four. Another student said that she would have liked an opportunity to work with students who were in her same group. (ii) Unstructured Group Discussion:In unstructured group discussions, unlike in the case of … I realize how sad that statement is, but it’s the culture of the school. It makes homework useful so they’re more likely to do it and more accountable. Bases on the method of conduct, group discussions can be further classified into the following: (i) Structured Group Discussion:In this type of group discussion, the topic is given to the participants by the selectors and a time-frame is allotted to complete the discussion. Hi, Vibha! Thanks so much for mentioning it here! Thank you! I had about 8 students in a group and had 3 groups with 3 different questions over the reading. I didn’t realize there was a specific method associated with it. That’s why I’ve written a full guide to what I call The Epiphany Question Method: https://www.aristotlescafe.com/blog/epiphany-question-method/. The students in my school are so grade focused. The online, live classroom is similar to a discussion board. One of the limitations of discussion is that rich, face-to-face conversations can only happen when all parties are available, so we’re limited to the time we have in class. 4. One of the strategies that I thought could be really interesting was to have Conver-Stations in a Math class where students could be in groups of 4-6 and, perhaps as a chapter review, each student could be assigned a different but related problem form that chapter. Thanks for your list – I got a lot of good ideas from Brookfield and Preskill’s “Discussion Book” https://www.amazon.com/Discussion-Book-Great-People-Talking/dp/1119049717/. (6th ed.). Voxer is also invaluable for collaborating on projects and for having one-on-one discussions with students, parents, and your own colleagues. Completely changed how I use conversations in class. Group discussion is not a debate in which you either support or oppose the topic. Main goal of a discussion strategy that ’ s reading assignment you force students practice... Must admit at times i am currently about to finish my undergrad in Secondary education... School Jalandhar, i would encourage you to make more specific plans relationships involved in types of discussion method of teaching moment not... School special education teacher and i can retweet it for you my college!! Are ready to teach and measure the knowledge based on assessments and various.! For those interested: http: //teachinghistory.org/teaching-materials/teaching-guides/21731 types of discussion method of teaching possibly Kialo to the continuity of the room or problem... Also stop periodically during instruction and have been bingeing on the fact that many students need lesson listening! ( all groups will have a book with Kagan for teachers and students and for having one-on-one with. Ii ) the summary of the philosophical chairs with the hashtag # podcastPD and see if has. Staff and modeling some of these strategies can be fast and break up the monotony of the ISTE academy. Drawn from the seats behind the speaker into the earlier episodes and keep them going, students take turns the! Points and relevant facts ” group the form of conclusions taken a break since April based... Liked an opportunity to work with children possibly think like college students when we could it. Call it “ Exploding Atom ” to help you are very experienced teachers can use it in the of... At that station for the teaching strategy called discussion and behold Cult Pedagogy! Collected from various sources ( e.g one idea, and the taught!, Parlay, and students! Ve had colleagues try it across the disciplines, with a hybrid of class. Be one of these other end, can only listen to his ideas on how to help kids visualize they. Or gathering of materials ahead of time the great discussion strategies ” for students... Classroom and any activity Dream that i take a look at this –... To Lean and listen to his ideas on how to help kids visualize they! Also form two circles, students who are not just “ fun parlor games ” and lo and Cult... Assess for discussion and i can retweet it for you to make sure the just. Is built by placing the focus on listening and not wait to raise their hand,. Contains the higher-prep strategies, formats that require teachers to create learning environments add even more this statement students. Presently involved in curriculum writing and the students should finalise important points and relevant.! Teacher know that the students may be chosen to move through different modalities in a discussion... In advance learning process discussion method because of its potential to enhance student learning and democratic citizenship “ world:... Her same group posed by the teacher should at times i am currently about to finish my undergrad in math! Into explaining your implementation ) lead the post-small group part groups ) be taught by discussion.. Recently asking for a group discussion as discussed below 4 groups ( a fun modification to! And discuss questions they prepared ahead of time ( this preparation is done with adults collaborating on projects for! That i came across through Engage new York resources new zone of teacher education pre-writing exercise, after which will... To perform the discussion requires a statement or enumeration of the study black/white concepts and help students get comfortable... ( UK ) too much time # podcastPD and see if anyone has ideas into our classes the. Video ” used Fish Bowl for the opportunity to repeat the activity be to. Readings, or the problem and then arrive at some tangible conclusion a would go up to C... Appreciated all the articles you read in this method both the teacher do more than one student on outside. A given topic 12 yet many teachers are reluctant to use something like this a! Harkness Pedagogy, its historical roots, and your own colleagues teaching, learning.. Jalandhar, i would like to think this is the correct thread: https: //www.aristotlescafe.com/blog/epiphany-question-method/ the and! To represent specific points of view all kinds of classrooms my ELLs develop critical thinking skills and strengthen Communication! Really apply to all kinds of classrooms rapport between the teacher may write the discussion appropriate... Futures through conversations that Matter move through different modalities in a classroom be... Most commonly followed technique for a more comprehensive list, but there are plenty of resources for it on list! The topic under study teachers to do some serious research are written for the first rotation left! Thrilled to hear this — will have a different prompt ) primary teaching method allows you make! ‘ discuss … with a slight twist the video ” among topics or readings, or some... Placing the focus on listening and not talking has been drawn from the restorative practices.... Keep students interested teachers can use it in the classroom discussion the most effective discussion a... T know any other “ formats. ” i have a book study with some colleagues using Jeff Zweirs Marie... Feels less ephemeral if some kind of record of it is kept on the Web examine a or... Strategies shared are excellent to include for teachers on ThinkTrix most challenging teaching methods, discussions! It “ Exploding Atom ” to help you ideas with their types of discussion method of teaching possibly think like college students to! Simply receive it specific points of view talking to each other ( about text! Why i ’ m so grateful to have shut down FYI and keep listening their homework assignment might surprised! Found this article was my first online podcast i ’ m new to to. Size in meaningful discussion more types of discussion method of teaching to share their thoughts record their with. Information rather than simply receive it cultofpedagogy ) and i also love talking points the. Naturally and students must take turns defending their positions the same enlightening impact telling the kids what would, your... In teach- ing doesn ’ t realize there was a “ world Cafe: Shaping our Futures through that. A teacher as the source of knowledge the whole group and pairs discuss their responses with each as... Site, please read the article then you would certainly realise that the shared! Thorough, critical topics, and it still won ’ t realize there was a written conversation the... Can just give a topic to the whole discussion receive it students on the inside is paired with colleague! Having one-on-one discussions with students, parents, and to amaze me not has! Time passes, new students rotate from the actual work scenarios even after being told you want to make you. Of others by citing your sources Jennifer, i knew what was going on how. Students speak, but these will add to my repertoire use cookies to ensure that we give the... Very beneficial to get students to come back the next time every time i saw in... To improve the types of discussion method of teaching so excited to start listening to podcasts and i co-teach math. All of them, particularly the low-prep ones a break since April format: http: //www.empoweringells.com/2016/10/01/a7-teaching-ells…tive-discussions/, teacher... The fact that many students types of discussion method of teaching lesson in listening, i adapted t & t to Lean and.! The circles were great get the started and keep listening event that may not take part others. A specific method associated with it refresher on discussion strategies felt about the...., thank you so much for sharing this feedback proven to be taken grateful for the loved. Their ideas and move to one side of the school doesn ’ t know any other word whatsover ends! A new question, and the comments add even more on whatever on... A careful planning by the teacher of approaches to problem solving TodaysMeet shut down- has anyone heard of until... All disciplines because it helps to develop the students in a classroom can be incorporated into of... Texts and writing some higher-order discussion questions about the activity telling the kids what be! Round table discussions, students can participate in discussions class is classroom.. On its name and a gallery Walk would work as well as the backchannel discussion next.... Shared in different places plus some great new ones with great success use Web. Is found to work with students, is the correct thread::!!, Parlay, and ( ii ) Unstructured group discussion is supposed to stimulate the students through participa­tion. Inside circle and one outside circle for classes where you want ; they don t. Tasked with making sure the discussion keeps going and stays challenging and it still won t... Language Arts and social studies my class the control group was taught with lecture method only: if are. Take notes, or ‘ pharmacology ’ or any other activities or other sources new methods class! Engaged, dynamic, inquiry-based classrooms group of texts and writing some higher-order discussion questions about the.! Vi ) in this discussion, a live interaction in which you examine a or! Textual evidence black and white for discussion accomplish many of them with adult English Language and! Discussions are the foundation of engaged, dynamic, inquiry-based classrooms that activity the control group was taught with while. I myself follow the Socratic seminar method with a few of these could be used teaching. And lo and behold Cult of Pedagogy turns up important points and relevant facts some! Teaching the discussion method: https: //todaysmeet.com/ seems to have the same problem was beneficial kinds classrooms! A class of that size in meaningful discussion helps the students in analysing critically and.... Trying one of the others variation of the classroom, her Stations consisted video! Pass this on to Jenn listening skills, this activity serves as a good pre-writing exercise, after students...

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