The chapter of the Bankruptcy Code providing for "liquidation," that is, the sale of a debtor's nonexempt property and the distribution of the proceeds to creditors. 1. What made you want to look up law office?  Malfeasance in office contrasts with "misfeasance in office", which is the commission of a lawful act, done in an official capacity, that improperly causes harm; and "nonfeasance in office," which is the failure to perform an official duty. A person appointed to administer a Chapter 13 case. A request by a creditor to allow the creditor to take action against the debtor or the debtor's property that would otherwise be prohibited by the automatic stay. A lawyer appointed by the President in each judicial district to prosecute and defend cases for the federal government. One who appeals is called the "appellant;" the other party is the "appellee.". head office definition: 1. the most important office of an organization or company, or the people working there: 2. the…. (There is an official form for this purpose.). Common law principles can be changed by legislation. LPRs may accept an offer of employment without special restrictions, own property, receive financial assistance at public colleges and universities, and join the Armed Forces. A procedure for settling a dispute outside the courtroom. We work on the cutting edge of business and regulatory issues around the world, playing a proactive and engaged role pioneering new legal … Federal civil juries consist of at least six persons. Degree of proof required. ALM's Law.com online Real Life Dictionary of the Law. (Example: If a house valued at $60,000 is subject to a $30,000 mortgage, there is $30,000 of equity.). A federal judge who is appointed for life, during "good behavior," under Article III of the Constitution. Government entity authorized to resolve legal disputes. legal definition: 1. connected with the law: 2. allowed by the law: 3. used to refer to a standard size of paper in…. A person called upon by either side in a lawsuit to give testimony before the court or jury. An attorney employed by the federal courts on a full-time basis to provide legal defense to defendants who are unable to afford counsel. English law relies on case law, a collection of previous … Latin, meaning "for the court." A federal judge who, after attaining the requisite age and length of judicial experience, takes senior status, thus creating a vacancy among a court's active judges. A request by a litigant to a judge for a decision on an issue relating to the case. The rules for conducting a lawsuit; there are rules of civil procedure, criminal procedure, evidence, bankruptcy, and appellate procedure. Court authorization, most often for law enforcement officers, to conduct a search or make an arrest. Although technically refusal to perform required duties of office is “nonfeasance,” the laws of many states define such a defiant refusal to act as “malfeasance.” In criminal cases, the government has the burden of proving the defendant's guilt. All judges of an appellate court sitting together to hear a case, as opposed to the routine disposition by panels of three judges. With probation, instead of sending an individual to prison, the court releases the person to the community and orders him or her to complete a period of supervision monitored by a U.S. probation officer and to abide by certain conditions. Latin, meaning "anew." The clerk's office is often called a court's central nervous system. Generally refers to two events in individual bankruptcy cases: (1) the "individual or group briefing" from a nonprofit budget and credit counseling agency that individual debtors must attend prior to filing under any chapter of the Bankruptcy Code; and (2) the "instructional course in personal financial management" in chapters 7 and 13 that an individual debtor must complete before a discharge is entered. If the court orders release, a pretrial services officer supervises the person in the community until he or she returns to court. All legal or equitable interests of the debtor in property as of the commencement of the case. Publication has a technical meaning in copyright law. The position of judge. Any relative of the debtor or of a general partner of the debtor; partnership inwhich the debtor is a general partner; general partner of the debtor; or corporation of which the debtor is a director, officer, or person in control. A Chapter 7 case in which there are no assets available to satisfy any portion of the creditors' unsecured claims. Administrative Law . If all the judges do not agree, the formal decision will be based upon the view of the majority, and one member of the majority will write the opinion. The characterization of a debtor's status after bankruptcy, i.e., free of most debts. 162), and other statutes extending back to the original Treasury Act of 1789 (1 Stat. Now, without the option of parole, the term of imprisonment the court imposes is the actual time the person spends in prison. Definitions of office. Attorneys who appear as the government's attorneys in individual cases. (There is an official form for bankruptcy petitions.). The chapter of the Bankruptcy Code providing for the adjustment of debts of an individual with regular income, often referred to as a "wage-earner" plan. The Legal Office provides advice and support on internal and external legal matters related to the Organization. The Bankruptcy Code contains certain provisions designed to reduce the time a small business debtor is in bankruptcy. (as modifier): office furniture; an office boy. Court action that allows the later filing. The purpose of this site is to provide information from and about the Judicial Branch of the U.S. Government. The Judicial Branch does not warrant the accuracy of the information contained in this list nor is it responsible for any errors or omissions and assumes no liability for its use. Latin, meaning "of its own will." Definition of Office Management: Office management can been defined as the art of guiding, directing coordinating and controlling the salaried people of an organization in order to achieve specified objective within a time schedule. A registered office is the official address of an incorporated company, association or any other legal entity.Generally it will form part of the public record and is required in most countries where the registered organization or legal entity is incorporated. Legal advice; a term also used to refer to the lawyers in a case. The offices of a judge and his or her staff. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. A judge's written explanation of the decision of the court. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). If all the judges completely agree on the result, one judge will write the opinion for all. Each organization is supervised by a federal public defender appointed by the court of appeals for the circuit. A penalty or other type of enforcement used to bring about compliance with the law or with rules and regulations. The estate technically becomes the temporary legal owner of all of the debtor's property. It is a corruption of the Latin phrase "in propria persona.". A judge will disregard precedent if a party can show that the earlier case was wrongly decided, or that it differed in some significant way from the current case. on Mortm. Administrative Law; The Practice of Law; Employment Law; office. An officer of the U.S. Department of Justice responsible for supervising the administration of bankruptcy cases, estates, and trustees; monitoring plans and disclosure statements; monitoring creditors' committees; monitoring fee applications; and performing other statutory duties. A series of questions the debtor must answer in writing concerning sources of income, transfers of property, lawsuits by creditors, etc. Each allegation is referred to as a count. Individuals or people in business can also seek relief in Chapter 11. 4. In civil cases, a plaintiff generally has the burden of proving his or her case. The debtor, U.S. trustee or bankruptcy administrator, case trustee, and creditors are parties in interest for most matters. Sentencing option in the federal courts. A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. Priority refers to the order in which these unsecured claims are to be paid. Forums pour discuter de advocate, voir ses formes composées, des exemples et poser vos questions. The official decision of a court finally resolving the dispute between the parties to the lawsuit. advocate - traduction anglais-français. A special condition the court imposes that requires an individual to remain at home except for certain approved activities such as work and medical appointments. Because a case may be heard by three or more judges in the court of appeals, the opinion in appellate decisions can take several forms. The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a certain type of case. Latin, meaning "you have the body." Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? A change of venue is a change or transfer of a case from one judicial district to another. With sharp processes in place, proper law office management, and a mind open to automation for systems and processes, you can run your practice with efficiency and get back to doing what you do best: practicing law. How to use legal in a sentence. In criminal law, the constitutional guarantee that a defendant will receive a fair and impartial trial. In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges. Officers of the probation office of a court. The geographic area in which a court has jurisdiction. head office definition: 1. the most important office of an organization or company, or the people working there: 2. the…. FAQs: Filing a Judicial Conduct or Disability Complaint Against a Federal Judge, Archives of the Committee on Judicial Conduct and Disability, Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation Fees, Federal Court Interpreter Certification Examination, National Court Interpreter Database (NCID) Gateway, Transfer of Excess Judiciary Personal Property, Electronic Public Access Public User Group, Statistical Tables for the Federal Judiciary, Judiciary Conferences That Cost More Than $100,000, Long Range Plan for Information Technology, Proposed Amendments Published for Public Comment, Invitation for Comment to Restyle the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure, Invitation for Comment on Emergency Rulemaking, Laws and Procedures Governing the Work of the Rules Committees, How to Suggest a Change to Federal Court Rules and Forms, How to Submit Input on a Pending Proposal, Open Meetings and Hearings of the Rules Committee, Permitted Changes to Official Bankruptcy Forms, Congressional and Supreme Court Rules Packages, Preliminary Drafts of Proposed Rule Amendments, Confidentiality Regulations for Pretrial Services Information. The judiciary administers the federal defender program pursuant to the Criminal Justice Act. Special condition the court imposes to require an individual to undergo evaluation and treatment for a mental disorder. A judge's directions to the jury before it begins deliberations regarding the factual questions it must answer and the legal rules that it must apply. The release of a prison inmate – granted by the U.S. Parole Commission – after the inmate has completed part of his or her sentence in a federal prison. (Depending on the circumstances, an unscheduled debt may or may not be discharged.). A Bankruptcy Judge? The group of persons selected to hear the evidence in a trial and render a verdict on matters of fact. History. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations. Administrative Office of the United States Courts (AO) The federal agency responsible for collecting court statistics, administering the federal courts' budget, and … Solicitor, one of the two types of practicing lawyers in England and Wales—the other being the barrister, who pleads cases before the court. A representative office is an office established by a company or a legal entity to conduct marketing and other non-transactional operations, generally in a foreign country where a branch office or subsidiary is not warranted. Only the majority opinion can serve as binding precedent in future cases. The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States, which relies on the articulation of legal principles in a historical succession of judicial decisions. A representative office is an office established by a company or a legal entity to conduct marketing and other non-transactional operations, generally in a foreign … The value of a debtor's interest in property that remains after liens and other creditors' interests are considered. 1. Often refers to a court taking an action in a case without being asked to do so by either side. Home confinement may include the use of electronic monitoring equipment – a transmitter attached to the wrist or the ankle – to help ensure that the person stays at home as required. Something that exists by operation of law. Common reasons include allegations that the debt to be discharged was incurred by false pretenses or that debt arose because of the debtor's fraud while acting as a fiduciary. A dissenting opinion disagrees with the majority opinion because of the reasoning and/or the principles of law the majority used to decide the case. (See standard of proof.). Prison terms for two or more offenses to be served one after the other. The trustee's responsibilities include reviewing the debtor's petition and schedules, liquidating the property of the estate, and making distributions to creditors. The decision is based on whether these individuals are likely to flee or pose a threat to the community. An officer of the Judiciary serving in the judicial districts of Alabama and North Carolina who, like the United States trustee, is responsible for supervising the administration of bankruptcy cases, estates, and trustees; monitoring plans and disclosure statements; monitoring creditors' committees; monitoring fee applications; and performing other statutory duties. A bankruptcy case filed to reduce or eliminate debts that are primarily consumer debts. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." A civil, not criminal, wrong. A debt that cannot be eliminated in bankruptcy. Once you are in practice, you can adjust the format to your office’s requirements. A nonbankruptcy legal proceeding whereby a plaintiff or creditor seeks to subject to his or her claim the future wages of a debtor. Common Legal Words Notice: This list of common legal words was compiled by the Connecticut Judicial Branch solely as a public service. A creditor's assertion of a right to payment from a debtor or the debtor's property. The trustee may also bring actions against creditors or the debtor to recover property of the bankruptcy estate. No contest. A lawsuit in which one or more members of a large group, or class, of individuals or other entities sue on behalf of the entire class. The General Accounting Office (GAO), created by the Budget and Accounting Act, 1921 (31 U.S.C.A. Used generically, the term judge may also refer to all judicial officers, including Supreme Court justices. An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions. Not subject to a court ruling because the controversy has not actually arisen, or has ended. Procedures used to obtain disclosure of evidence before trial. A judge in the full-time service of the court. The release, prior to trial, of a person accused of a crime, under specified conditions designed to assure that person's appearance in court when required. A claim or debt for which a creditor holds no special assurance of payment, such as a mortgage or lien; a debt for which credit was extended based solely upon the creditor's assessment of the debtor's future ability to pay. The judges who did not agree with the majority may write separately in dissenting or concurring opinions to present their views. A judicial officer of a district court who conducts initial proceedings in criminal cases, decides criminal misdemeanor cases, conducts many pretrial civil and criminal matters on behalf of district judges, and decides civil cases with the consent of the parties. An office is a right to exercise a public function or employment, and to take the fees and emoluments belonging to it,. noun. Legal and corporate affairs solutions. A factor influencing this power: Notoriety is usually good box office. Noun 1. public office - a position concerning the people as a whole berth, billet, post, situation, position, office, place, spot - a job in an... Public office - definition of public office … A pretrial motion requesting the court to prohibit the other side from presenting, or even referring to, evidence on matters said to be so highly prejudicial that no steps taken by the judge can prevent the jury from being unduly influenced. A set of rules and principles established by the United States Sentencing Commission that trial judges use to determine the sentence for a convicted defendant. A district court may grant each side in a civil or criminal trial the right to exclude a certain number of prospective jurors without cause or giving a reason. ? Term of office refers to a fixed and definite period of time during which the incumbent of an office is to hold it. Delivered to your inbox! To charge someone with a crime. Example: Two five-year sentences and one three-year sentence, if served consecutively, result in a maximum of 13 years behind bars. Index, h.t. on Mortm. Accessed 5 Feb. 2021. A private individual or corporation appointed in all Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 cases to represent the interests of the bankruptcy estate and the debtor's creditors. The current definition reads as follows: A paralegal is a person, qualified by education, training or work experience who is employed or retained by a lawyer, law office, corporation, governmental agency or other entity and who performs specifically delegated substantive legal work for which a lawyer is responsible. Shelf. A position that produces fee revenue or a salary to the officeholder. 2. a. A function of the federal courts that takes place at the very start of the criminal justice process – after a person has been arrested and charged with a federal crime and before he or she goes to trial. Office furniture means all office furniture and fixtures used by the Business which are owned by the Vendor and currently located at the Premises.Schedule 2.02 contains a list of Office Furniture. An oath of office is an oath or affirmation taken by a person before undertaking the duties of an office. A written statement describing the reason a debtor owes a creditor money, which typically sets forth the amount of money owed. Written statements filed with the court that describe a party's legal or factual assertions about the case. A chief legal officer (CLO) is a legal executive appointed to govern a firm's legal department, lead in-house attorneys, provide direction on major legal and regulatory … Learn more. A jury verdict that a criminal defendant is not guilty, or the finding of a judge that the evidence is insufficient to support a conviction. Between the parties to a fixed and definite period of time during which the court officer oversees. Remand to the agreement have duties remaining to be paid ahead of other unsecured claims are to be paid and. That responds to a witness who did not commit the crime must prove a defendant will a... Called litigants the sentencing Reform act of 1789 ( 1 Stat after the other has similar issues decided! 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