archaic period definition

Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Ces constructions(bâtiments) montrent … The Archaic stage is characterized by subsistence economies supported through the exploitation of nuts, seeds, and shellfish. K. Kris Hirst is an archaeologist with 30 years of field experience. The rest of the Americas also have an Archaic Period.[2]. The Archaic period is the name given to generalized hunter-gatherer societies in the American continents from approximately 8,000 to 2000 years BC. The Archaic Sculpture sculptures are silent witnesses to the extraordinary development western society was about to undertake. prior to full development: the archaic period of psychoanalytic research. The Archaeological Study of Shell Middens, Hunter Gatherers - People Who Live on the Land, Lactose Intolerance and Lactase Persistence, The (Pre) History of Clovis - Early Hunting Groups of the Americas, Folsom Culture and Their Projectile Points, World History Timelines - Mapping Two Million Years of Humanity, History of Animal and Plant Domestication. What does archaic mean? Regional Archaic Traditions: Plains Archaic, Oshara Tradition, Maritime Archaic, Shield Archaic, Ortoiroid, Piedmont Tradition, Pinto Culture, San Dieguito, Orange Culture, Mount Albion. ", Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, Portal:Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Population history of indigenous peoples of the Americas, Painting in the Americas before European colonization, Indigenous peoples of the North American Southwest, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Archaic_period_(North_America)&oldid=990713616, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from September 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 8000 BC: Sufficient rain falls on the American Southwest to support many large mammal species--, 8000 BC: Hunters in the American Southwest use the, 7000 BC: Northeastern peoples depend increasingly on, 6000 BC: Nomadic hunting bands roam Subarctic Alaska following herds of, Natives of the Northwestern Plateau begin to rely on, 5000 BC: Early cultivation of food crops began in, 5000 BC: Native Americans in the Pacific Northwest from Alaska to California develop a fishing economy, with, Native Americans in the northern Great Lakes produce, 4000 BC: Inhabitants of Mesoamerica cultivate, 3500 BC: The largest, oldest drive site at, 3500–3000 BC: Construction of extensive mound complex built at, 3000 BC: Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest begin to exploit. 1958, Wiley, Gordon R., and Philip Phillips, Method and Theory in American Archaeology, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, page #107: 1.1.1. archaic - so extremely old as seeming to belong to an earlier period; "a ramshackle antediluvian tenement"; "antediluvian ideas"; "archaic laws" Her work has appeared in scholarly publications such as Archaeology Online and Science. This classification system was first proposed by Gordon Willey and Philip Phillips in the widely accepted 1958 book Method and Theory in American Archaeology. Since the 1990s, secure dating of multiple Middle Archaic sites in northern Louisiana, Mississippi and Florida has challenged traditional models of development. The archaic period was long considered to have been less importan… See Guide to the Mesolithic for information about the roughly parallel period in the Old World. The beginning of the Late Archaic period saw a proliferation of new projectile point types, but there is a continuation of Middle Archaic subsistence strategies promoting the continued use of hot rock technology and their most archeologically recognizable by-product—the burned rock midden. In the classification of the archaeological cultures of North America, the Archaic period in North America, taken to last from around 8000 to 1000 BC in the sequence of North American pre-Columbian cultural stages, is a period defined by the archaic stage of cultural development. In these areas, hunter-gatherer societies in the Lower Mississippi Valley organized to build monumental earthwork mound complexes as early as 3500 BC (confirmed at Watson Brake), with building continuing over a period of 500 years. As its ending is defined by the adoption of sedentary farming, this date can vary significantly across the … 2 decades ago. to A.D. 700. What did Greece experience during the Archaic Period? Linearbandkeramik Culture - European Farming Innovators, The Three Sisters: the Traditional Intercropping Agricultural Method. 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