palm oil fruit

Palm oil is derived from the flesh of the fruit of the oil palm species E. Guineensis. A recent analysis found that 45% of land in Southeast Asia currently used for palm oil production had been forest back in 1990, including more than half of all palm oil plantations in Indonesia and Malaysia (1). [142][146][152][153], Edible vegetable oil from fruit of oil palms, Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). [54] Although the relationship of palm oil consumption to disease risk has been previously assessed, the quality of the clinical research specifically assessing palm oil effects has been generally poor. [108][109][110], Some social initiatives use palm oil cultivation as part of poverty alleviation strategies. It is extensively used in food manufacture and can be found in a variety of processed foods including peanut butter and chips. About 38% of the oils and fats produced in the world were shipped across oceans. At year-end 2016, 4.7 to 5.8 million rai (750,000 to 930,000 hectares) were planted in oil palms, employing 300,000 farmers, mostly on small landholdings of 20 rai (3.2 ha). The oil extraction rate from a bunch varies from 17 to 27% for palm oil, and from 4 to 10% for palm kernels. These countries have humid, tropical climates that are ideally suited for growing oil palm trees. Its use in the commercial food industry in other parts of the world is widespread because of its lower cost[51] and the high oxidative stability (saturation) of the refined product when used for frying. The fruit is harvested using a long sickle. For instance, a 2015 analysis found that limiting the expansion of new palm oil plantations to areas without forests and planting only in areas with low carbon stocks could reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 60% (32). Examples include the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation's hybrid oil palm project in Western Kenya, which improves incomes and diets of local populations,[111] and Malaysia's Federal Land Development Authority and Federal Land Consolidation and Rehabilitation Authority, which both support rural development. [128], In 2019 the Rainforest Action Network surveyed eight global brands involved in palm oil extraction in the Leuser Ecosystem, and said that none was performing adequately in avoiding “conflict palm oil”. [3][4], Humans used oil palms as far back as 5,000 years. The organization has established international standards for sustainable palm oil production. This waste material can be converted into pellets that can be used as a biofuel. ASEAN as a region accounts for 52.5 million tonnes of palm oil production, about 85% of the world total and more than 90% of global exports. [56] Then melting and degumming removes impurities. The buyer of the oil is allowed to use the RSPO and the GreenPalm label for sustainable palm oil on their products. Pure palm oil is widely available in Africa and Southeast Asia, and sometimes in specialty markets in other places, and products which contain it are also very common. Although Ghana has multiple palm species, ranging from local palm nuts to other species locally called agric, it was only marketed locally and to neighboring countries. Palm oil comes from palm trees native to Africa, where it has been consumed for thousands of years. We use palm fruit oil over palm kernel oil because of its monounsaturated fat content and high levels of Vitamin E. Palm kernel oil is extracted from the palm seed and has a fatty acid composition that is almost identical to coconut oil (see below), high in medium-chain fatty acids (i.e., caprylic, capric, and lauric acids) and with a total saturated fat content of over 80 percent. Now, huge swathes of oil palm trees dominate the tropical landscape of South-East Asia, especially Indonesia and Malaysia, which make up over 85% of the global supply of palm oil. In its virgin form, the oil is bright orange… Palm oil, produced from the oil palm, is a basic source of income for many farmers in South East Asia, Central and West Africa, and Central America. The use of palm oil in food products has attracted the concern of environmental groups; the high oil yield of the trees has encouraged wider cultivation, leading to the clearing of forests in parts of Indonesia and Malaysia to make space for oil-palm monoculture. As well as alleviating the country's deficit of edible oils while providing an important cash crop, it is claimed to have environmental benefits in the region, because it does not compete against food crops or native vegetation and it provides stabilisation for the soil.[101]. 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