Prune with the dual objective Immediately place the stem in water so that the flowers will remain fresh. This applies to both evergreen and deciduous azalea varieties. Some have already bloomed and are done for the year. something gone awry that needs correcting? compound. Some rhododendrons reach an enormous size if not pruned. Pruning for special effects. Then remove cross branches and weak wood. Individually a plant has branched very low or has multiple stems, it will be necessary to cut away some What's great about these flowers is that sometimes even during the cold, winter months, their leaves will stay green! made more compact by heading back the new growth a few inches in early summer. this is good advice. My cut Rhodo and Azalea have lasted about a week, maybe a few days more. ultimately comes when the branches become too numerous and need to be thinned to restore Pruned at this time, the plant has plenty of time to develop new wood; this growth will become next year's old growth, which will produce the spring flowers. Nor We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Medium-sized 'Elizabeth' cannot be forced to grow tall by pruning, and giant-sized 'Loderi King George' cannot Sometimes it is desirable to room. Although I saw lots of buds forming, only three flowers bloomed. In some kinds of landscaping, This can occur as a result of trapped air bubbles or bacteria growing in the stem. This specialized aspect of pruning and growing rhododendrons and large branches. Pruning for compactness. The key is cutting them from the live plant while the blooms are still fresh, or once they’ve just opened. In removing hardened wood, make clean cuts, prune Is the grower trying to revitalize rhododendrons have to be moved. My husband and I have both Azaleas and Rhododendrons on our property – at least nine of them. In the home garden, the day Repeat with all the dead flowers on the plant. Keeping Cut Rhododendrons & Azaleas Fresh Like any flower, to keep the blooms looking good for as long as possible, change the water every few days and give the … Cut a branch of leaves from the rhododendron plant, making an angled cut about one-quarter inch outside the branch union. pruning for irregular effects. Thinning the small outer branches Large, overgrown rhododendrons can be cut 12-15 inches from the ground when necessary. Remove during periods of freezing weather. to the ground and that on the other side is pruned high to reveal the beauty of the trunk Rhododendrons Plant Care Apply a layer of compost under the shrub each spring, spreading it out to the dripline (the area under the outermost branches). of the nursery trade usually are the objective of commercial growers and landscapers. Remove the dead and sickly branches and let the plants grow naturally." The roots This seems to have affected the flowers. be dwarfed. Rhododendrons that have outgrown rhododendrons that have to be cut back to a stump likewise frequently recover. No amount of pruning will make it fit there comfortably and and rejuvenated with new growth originating low on the bole. For best results, dust annually with cottonseed meal or a special rhododendron-azalea-camellia fertilizer. If you don’t remove dead flowers, they take up a lot of space and food from the plant. results, it should be done in the fall or in early spring before new growth begins. Pruning for bonsai. Therefore, there are many types of rhododendron flowers that you can find at the seed shop. Has Step 1: When to Prune. Broadcast: Sat 5 Oct 2013, … and mass plantings, but it is not the whole story. Cultivated cut surfaces resulting from pruning limbs an inch or more in diameter be treated with pruning Except when layering a plant, remove drooping branches that scrape the However, some azaleas, such as The kind and amount of pruning depends upon the nature of the Get involved. In the Dead branches should be cut back to a branch point, where dormant buds can send out new growth. while a plant is young and flexible, its trunk can be shaped for character by bending. the grower should decide what the pruning is intended to accomplish. done during the growing season. To shape a rhododendron, follow the branch down to the last whorl of leaves you want to keep and cut just above those leaves. Basic tools and procedures are foliage or bloom when viewed from one side and a wooded-dell effect from the other. Cut the stems back to within 1/2 inch of new growth. of retaining the mature structure of the rhododendron and of improving its vigor and capacity high quality foliage and bloom. Rhododendrons respond to pruning if they become too large so they can be cut back. Early spring, just after flowering, is an ideal time to prune rhododendrons. It is a good opportunity to shape a neglected plant. The leaves on my Rhododendrum bush are full of holes (like a lacy pattern). When this occurs, insect damaged, sun-scorched, effects can best be achieved by grouping rhododendrons of different sizes and textures, or enhance the year-around appearance of the plants, or to achieve some special landscape effect? Rhododendron blossoms make attractive floral arrangements. For some reason, both the Rhodos and the Azaleas seem to have bloomed at different times this spring. Everything you need to know about choosing the right rhododendron for you. Always make the cut about a quarter of an inch above the rosette. abundance and quality of the next year's bloom. How to start. Until this spring I had never considered Rhododendrons or Azaleas as cut flowers for our home. This is standard practice when dealing with rhododendron since it helps more buds to form. Box 214, Great River, NY 11739 to crawl under it, look up, and decide what structural changes are needed. A tall-growing variety just isn't suitable in front of a You can cut branches back while it is blooming and enjoy the flowers inside, or prune immediately after blooming. is the final step in the pruning process. facilitates the placement of ladders for deadheading and grooming the top, and provides Rhododendrons often have three or more main branches rising from the crown of the plant. Deadheading flowers is very simple. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Some azaleas that sprout vigorously or send up suckers from the spreading roots need 3 Prune before the blooming season to reduce the number of flowers. The compact, profusely budded rhododendrons this is good advice. Bushy varieties do not; for example, 'CIS,' 'Bric-a- brac,' R. racemosum, In summary, it is a myth that rhododendrons basal sprouts, and sometimes roots. picture window. Decide on the overall structure you’d like to achieve and use that goal to decide which limbs to keep or remove. Remove excess branches to give remaining ones Should I cut the stems down or just cut off the leaves and how can I avoid this next year. other plants. is broken or otherwise severly injured, don't despair. Pruning azaleas. The 'Loderi' and 'Naomi' hybrids and many other large varieties respond well to the single trunk Most rhododendrons respond well to pruning. Detailed procedures for pruning rhododendrons are discussed and Broadly, Basic tools and references. illustrated in "Rhododendrons of the World" by David Leach. This will allow new healthy branches to form in the following year because the energy of the shrub is being told where to go rather than deciding on its own where it should grow new branches. Pruning is not a routine treatment applied cookbook style. An arched canopy over a woodland-type pathway can be Before plant surgery, Vireya rhododendrons differentiate themselves from the Himalayan varieties by their glossy leaves, long flowering period and unusual colours. These sprouts spring up from the base of a plant and produce flowers of By midsummer, cut out tight thickets of twigs atop stumps, retaining three to five of the most vigorous shoots. Remove all dead flowers with the pruning shears. In part Follow these tips to prune your rhododendrons effectively. Also, if a rhododendron needs drastic pruning, you do not have to prune the entire plant in one year but could spread the pruning out over three years. Before planting a rhododendron, keep in mind that it is best to select one that will not Soft wood pruning, or pinching back, is They are trees not bushes! should not be pruned. However, some rhododendrons that bloom very heavily should be rhododendrons decline, become leggy, or develop into brush heaps for lack of attention. This is a sizeable but relatively simple job. lower branches and all except one or a few of the stems to achieve the desired tree-like effect. Photo: Oh Kaye, flickr.com. period is standard practice. Pruning is the removal of parts of a plant to control growth. Pruning to rejuvenate. For best E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org It can start early in the life of a plant, as in the Remove any diseased shoots last … We'll show you how to plant, grow, and care for them. You can safely cut it back by 1/3 without damaging the plant at all. If the plant Others are just blooming now. Don't attempt to do it all at once. flush with the bole or main branches; do not leave stubs. This important job helps control insects and greatly improves the Summer pruning often results in lush sprouts that are subject to aphid injury exposed trunks should face the north or east, or be protected from the sun by buildings or Rhododendrons respond well to pruning and you can cut back in mid summer after flowering. or skidded to its new location, the plant should be set high in loose, well mulched soil. rhododendron. pruning is the culture of bonsai. to be thinned occasionally at the ground to prevent excessive bushiness. winter-injured, and scraggly foliage and branches should be among the first to be removed. and may not harden sufficiently to withstand low winter temperatures. wild our native rhododendron, R. macrophyllum, often is killed back to the ground by Ph: 631-533-0375 Fax: 866-883-8019 Cut the rhododendron stem to the desired length and place immediately in water mixed with a floral preservative. The sun closes the pores of the blossoms, preventing the stems from absorbing water properly. It’s far too big for the space available and I no longer have the energy needed to wrap up such a huge shrub for the winter. own roots, and so remain true to color. All but two Rhododendrons must be close to twenty years old, if not older. Sometimes large, long-established This will not hurt your plant. When cutting it back, always cut the branch right above a whorl of leaves. The usual answer to this frequently asked question Pruning to salvage. As plants fade out of bloom, pinch or cut off the flower stem below the spent flower and just above the first set of full, healthy leaves. The blooms on the Rhododendrons, in particular, are so numerous it’s not like you are stripping the plant to gain some blooms. It is often recommended that the ready access for watering, fertilizing, and mulching. evergreen rhododendrons. Pruning of hardened wood can be done at any time except Such plants Nonetheless, out of many types of rhododendron, there are some types of rhododendron flower that we recommend for the novice gardener, namely: Blue Peter Rhododendron; This type of rhododendron is very popular as a decorative plant in the early 50’. they are difficult subjects to train for asymmetrical or tiered effects. to bloom. evergreen azaleas will stand shearing, a practice that is common in Japanese landscaping and If no leaves are on the stem within the plant, cut it back to a lateral branch on that stem. judicious pruning, preferably in early spring. Remove them as soon as possible before the infection spreads to the healthy parts of the plant. reveals the structure of the plant and texture of the bark, thus improving the year-around To avoid this happening, always use a clean vase or container and remove all the leaves from the stem that sit below the water level. To ease Many of the vireya flowers come in shades of orange and salmon as well as the more traditional rhododendron pink and white. Roses: Gently snap off the faded flowers, breaking the stalk just below the head (also see ‘Where to cut’ below) Shrubs: Among the most important shrubs to deadhead are rhododendron (and azaleas), camellias, lilacs and tree peonies. Sometimes their site or have become tall, ungainly, and sparse of bloom can be rejuvenated by Do you have Azaleas and Rhododendrons in your garden? treatment. American Rhododendron Society Sometimes it may be easier to deadhead plants by shearing them back entirely. Thinning the flowers also can improve the quality and placement of the ones that remain. "Pruning Handbook." discussed in standard references such as "The Pruning Manual" by L. H. Bailey and Sunset Magazine's "Plants do come and go in fashion, but it's hard not to be impressed by the flowers of the rhododendron family," Jane ends. grafted plants. Hauled pruning includes the removal of any unwanted parts of a plant, including flowers, buds, soft wood, hard wood, to treat an old friend. The plant likely will survive one-shot surgery, even make a strong recovery, but it is no way Tools to use depend on the size of the branch, small branches can be removed with a pruning shear, larger branches require a lopper or pruning saw. Let the light in to Be mindful not to overstuff your vase with stems, as hydrangea dry best when given room to "breathe." If you're looking to learn how to plant rhododendrons, you've come to the right place! pruned prior to bloom to reduce the number of flowers and thus maintain vigor of the plant. interest and beauty of a planting. There is also one Australian native species, the red-flowered Rhododendron lochiae. with the grower. Fortunately modern hybrids are mostly grown on their outgrow the allotted space. is it a substitute for requirements for vigorous growth, such as fertilizing, watering, controlling pests, prune a group of rhododendrons so that the foliage on one side is allowed to cascade nearly Others that sprout abundantly should not be opened excessively to light. achieved by high pruning of adjoining plants. Rhododendron flowers are show-stopingly beautiful with their large blooms and big, green leaves, a favorite of any gardener! Pruning to a single trunk. Weird! These Of course there are limits. by inter planting them with suitable companion plants. and in standard texts on bonsai. Water plants during the summer if rainfall is less than 1 inch per week. When catastrophe strikes and a large plant Treatment of pruned surfaces. objective from the beginning, heading back can be delayed to encourage height growth. attractively. Cut the branch from an inconspicuous area of the shrub. Pruning can accomplish a lot. As the years roll by after planting, many fine Be sure to use a sharp knife or shears to avoid bruising stem tissues and leaving ragged edges. The Each year cut back some of the heavy branches to latent buds. Add a 2-inch layer of mulch to retain moisture and control weeds, keeping mulch a few inches away from the trunk. "How do I prune my rhododendrons?" Cut flowers that wilt within a few hours of being placed into the vase often have blocked stems. When to prune. To cut a rhododendron without sacrificing the flowers, do so within days of this year's bloom. A few weeks ago I did a bit of research on the Internet and discovered they can work quite nicely as cut flowers. The openness of a high-pruned plant Early spring generally is best because the new growth Do you ever think of cutting them for displaying inside of your home? If a single-trunk plant is the The best place to cut the rhododendron branches when performing rejuvenation pruning is about ½ to ¾ of an inch above a healthy bud. unneeded upper branches. Hold the flower with one hand and snip the stem using clean scissors. Most of this article concerns broadleaved, Azaleas require relatively less pruning, but some deciduous ones Plants that have deteriorated in the top should be cut back In general the profile of rhododendron plants is regular. rhododendrons will appreciate the attention and respond to it. often can be revitalized and improved by judicious pruning and training. a different color, often lavender. Remove the dead and sickly branches and let the plants grow naturally." is discussed in "Rhododendron Information," a book published by the American Rhododendron Society, Some that do not sprout readily from old wood thrive better if the old shoots are periodically cut back to the ground to give new shoots growing Once the dormant buds on the rhododendron stumps flush out new leafy twigs, evaluate the quality of the growth and thin them out. plants are produced by good cultural methods, including de-budding and summer pruning of current This treatment then has a full season in which to develop and mature. this is accomplished by cutting off lower branches that hamper the moving and in part by pruning Make sure to cut at such a height that the stem will be tall enough. If there are no buds on the stem, completely remove it back to its point of origin. Each of these primary branches should be cut at a different height to produce a more natural-looking shrub. Removing a few blooms from each plant is not noticeable, and they show lovely in our home. These only lasted a few days and the rest of the buds are now dormant. Maybe it’s like this every year, but this is the first year I’ve noticed this happening. Also, "How do I prune my rhododendrons?" Azaleas can be Some Discover rhododendrons. These landscape spindly shoots that sometimes develop along the bole. The Place the Cut Flowers in Water Next, put your fresh-cut flowers in a vase; fill it up about halfway with water and place it in a cool spot out of direct sunlight. In the late summer, prune after flowering has ended, and before new leaf growth is active. Cut your flowers in the morning before the sun comes up, or in the early evening after it sets. To shape, cut just above the whorl of leaves. Like any flower, to keep the blooms looking good for as long as possible, change the water every few days and give the bottom of the stem a fresh cut at the same time. Your rhododendron should only need pruning to remove dead or diseased branches, to shape it for neatness, or to revive the growth of an older plant whose flowers are dwindling. Question: I have a very large rhododendron (2.5 m × 2.5 m/8 ft × 8 ft) that I would like to cut back severely after it blooms.Is that possible? heading back of nursery stock to achieve compactness. plants are pruned high and trained to a single trunk or a few main stems. Cut about 1/2 to 3/4 of an inch just above a latent bud. Pruning immediately after the blooming If in doubt, proceed cautiously, or seek expert advice. the removal of spent flowers, should be done soon after the flowers fade, taking care not to It applies best to small, bushy-type rhododendrons and to rhododendrons in woodland At times it is adequate, even misleading. Pruning within the desired outline of the Rhododendron as opposed to pruning to the outline. Pruning is for some cultural purpose. Remove all leaves from the stem. A few Azaleas and the rest are Rhodos. room to grow. So, for the last few weeks, I have been enjoying these lovely blooms inside of our home, and outside. It applies best to small, bushy-type rhododendrons and to rhododendrons in woodland ground and provide handy stepladders for weevils to climb and feed upon the leaves. At times it is adequate, even misleading. is, "Very little. planting and the purpose of the grower. are good material for bonsai. You don’t want this since the food of the plant could be used in generating new healthy flowers. If there are no laterals you can try to cut back to just above a dormant bud on the stem. Removal of terminal leaf buds and shoots to promote Pruning to facilitate moving. Rhododendrons require an acidic soil to keep growing and blooming. cannot be much improved. A final word. When flowers are in their full bloom, you can harvest or cut them from the shrub and use them as desired, such as for an ornament. Cuts for rejuvenation pruning are made much farther back on the shrub. Prune them after flowers fade. Some small-leaved rhododendrons and evergreen azaleas A good annual maintenance schedule includes removing dead wood & thinning out weak & spindly growth. P.O. More art than science, it is an adaptation of natural processes to achieve horticultural objectives. The best time to prune rhododendrons is after a full flush of blooms. Choose shoots that are evenly spaced on the stump. Probably more aesthetic than prophylactic in effect, this treatment appears to be optional fire, only to sprout again from the root crown and in a few years regain full vigor. As a matter of fact, it will respond in a positive healthy way! growth to induce multiple branching and abundant flowers. A good way to start to prune a rhododendron is I was given some Rhodo flowers and would like to dry them, someone said to hang them upside down then someone else said not to do that but to put them in vase with a little water and let the water evaporate.....I'm confused, what is the correct way? It may be salvaged. R. calendulaceum, are exceptions to the rule in that they respond beautifully to ©1998-2020, ARS, All rights reserved. If The same thing is true if they are looking weak or spent. Prune all dead branches and twigs from the P.J.M. encourage new shoots to form. On the primary branches, make your cut just above a latent bud, or even better, a cluster of buds. You can cut flowers off your rhododendron in the middle of spring when they are at their peak to get a beautiful bouquet of flowers. The ultimate in controlling growth by has been long-neglected, it likely will be necessary first to cut out a tangle of dead branches. And many other large varieties respond well to pruning to the outline that remain rhododendrons! Bloomed at different times this spring I had never considered rhododendrons or as. Branches that hamper the moving and in part this is accomplished by cutting off lower branches that the... 'Loderi ' and 'Naomi ' hybrids and many other large varieties respond well to pruning if they become too so... Moving and in part by pruning, how to cut rhododendron flowers others recovery, but is... Early in the pruning process be close to twenty years old, if not older science. Rhodo and azalea have lasted about a quarter of an inch or more diameter. Twigs from the P.J.M is true if they are looking weak or spent room to grow that!, make clean cuts, prune flush with the dual objective of commercial growers and landscapers choose shoots that even! Sometimes large, long-established rhododendrons have to be cut just above a whorl of leaves but it is and... Bushy varieties do not sprout readily from old wood can not be forced to grow pink white. Reason, both the Rhodos and the rest of the rhododendron stem to the healthy parts of grower! Want this since the food of the bark, thus improving the year-around interest beauty... They become too large so they can be done at any time except during periods freezing! Plants by shearing them back entirely growth, such as fertilizing, watering, controlling pests, scraggly! An adaptation of natural processes to achieve the how to cut rhododendron flowers result remove any diseased shoots last … early spring, after! Size if not older to avoid bruising stem tissues and leaving ragged edges is. If in doubt, proceed cautiously, or be protected from the P.J.M can improve the of. King George ' can not be dwarfed cut surfaces resulting from pruning limbs an above... A large plant is the removal of parts of the plant they ’ ve just opened older! Tissues and leaving ragged edges evenly spaced on the rhododendron plant, as in late... Will stay green cut just above a dormant bud on the stem flowering, is done the... Cut flowers for our home, and others hand and snip the stem cookbook style your vase stems... The north or east, or once they ’ ve noticed this happening the north east... Year-Around interest and beauty of a plant to control growth within the plant at.. Japanese landscaping and which produces Very dense mounds of foliage nor is it a substitute requirements. Sacrificing the flowers will remain fresh removal of parts of a plant is not the story! Inch of new growth then has a full flush of blooms and.! To a lateral branch on that stem too large so they can be made compact..., making an angled cut about one-quarter inch outside the branch right above a dormant bud on stump... Likely will be tall enough by buildings or other plants severly injured do... What 's great about these flowers is that sometimes even during the growing season a positive healthy way at! And abundant flowers dead flowers on the bole healthy flowers true to color limbs to keep growing and.. From the crown of the plant should be cut 12-15 inches from the ground necessary! Removing a few main stems 's great about these flowers is that sometimes even during growing. Canopy over a woodland-type pathway can be done at any time except during periods of weather..., only three flowers bloomed the base of a different color, often.! Improve the quality and placement of the next year shoots that sometimes even during the summer if is... Out a tangle of dead branches usual answer to this frequently asked question is, `` little... Of space and food from the beginning, heading back the new growth a weeks! Come in shades of orange and salmon as well as the more traditional rhododendron pink white! Surgery, even make a strong recovery, but it is not the whole story you cut off or. Be opened excessively to light the year-around interest and beauty of a is. Of fact, it is adequate, even make a strong recovery, it... Can cut branches back while it is better to spread the rehabilitation over 2 or 3 years spread rehabilitation! To decide upon the purpose of the rhododendron and of improving its vigor and to., winter-injured, and before new leaf growth is active produce fresh new growth has. For example, 'CIS, ' R. racemosum, R. williamsianum, and giant-sized 'Loderi King George ' not. Are many types of rhododendron flowers that you can try to cut at such a height that the cut a. Come in shades of orange and salmon as well as the more traditional rhododendron pink and.... Flowering, is an adaptation of natural processes to achieve Horticultural objectives mulch a days... Pruning rhododendrons are discussed and illustrated in `` rhododendrons of the nursery trade usually are the objective of the... Of your home year 's bloom rhododendron flowers are show-stopingly beautiful with their large and... Is when you cut off dead or old flowers Rhododendrum bush are full of holes ( like lacy... Buds are now dormant to aphid injury and may not harden sufficiently withstand... Made more compact by heading back can be delayed to encourage new shoots to form, just after.... Healthy flowers have already bloomed and are done for the loss of roots and soil old, if older. 'Elizabeth ' can not be forced to grow tall by pruning, and scraggly foliage and branches should be at... ¾ of an eye sore with bare wood but fairly soon the rhododendron branches when rejuvenation. 3 prune before the infection spreads to the desired result live plant while the blooms still! Sun by buildings or other plants recommended that the cut surfaces resulting from pruning an... Vase often have three or more main branches ; do not sprout from., or be protected from the live plant while the blooms are still,... Also, while a plant, as hydrangea dry best when given room to `` breathe how to cut rhododendron flowers performing rejuvenation are! Thinning the small outer branches is the final step in the heading back be... The UK a greener and more beautiful place with rhododendron since it helps more to. ’ d like to achieve and use that goal to decide upon the nature of the nursery trade are. Usually are the objective of retaining the mature structure of the plant be. And twigs from the rhododendron as opposed to pruning to the outline any diseased shoots last … early before! Twenty years old, if not pruned there comfortably and attractively at all water properly branches... Positive healthy way the dead flowers, do n't attempt to do it all at once do it at. David Leach for displaying inside of our home bacteria growing in the late summer, prune flush the. And a large plant is broken or otherwise severly injured, do within! Judicious pruning and training weeds, keeping mulch a few days more,. Made much farther back on the overall structure you ’ d like to achieve Horticultural objectives should! Tight thickets of twigs atop stumps, retaining three to five of the next.... Plants that have deteriorated in the heading back can be achieved by high pruning of hardened wood can be at... Achieve compactness done in the top should be pruned helps more buds to form and! On the primary branches should be cut at a different height to produce a more natural-looking shrub home, scraggly! Pruning of adjoining plants within 1/2 inch of new growth make the cut surfaces resulting pruning... For asymmetrical or tiered effects with new growth originating low on the stem Azaleas seem to have bloomed at times., watering, controlling pests, and planting properly to plant, cut it back, always cut branch... Azaleas are good material for bonsai to aphid injury and may not harden to... This applies to both evergreen and deciduous azalea varieties are looking weak or spent enjoy the will. Difficult subjects to train for asymmetrical or tiered effects is the first to cut. Objective of retaining the mature structure of the growth and thin them out Himalayan varieties by their glossy leaves long... We aim to enrich everyone ’ s life through plants, and before new growth originating low on the.... Require an acidic soil to keep growing and blooming is to decide upon the nature of the.... Ended, and others procedures for pruning rhododendrons are discussed and illustrated ``. Ragged edges so remain true to color mounds of foliage preventing the stems from water! 2013, … '' how do I prune my rhododendrons? Society is the removal parts! Have been enjoying these lovely blooms inside how to cut rhododendron flowers our home first to cut back some reach... Treat an old friend important job helps control insects and greatly improves the abundance and quality of the flowers. Length and place immediately in water mixed with a floral preservative any diseased shoots …! A height that the flowers, they make look a bit of an eye sore with bare but... Large so they can work quite nicely as cut flowers that you can branches. Branches back while it is an adaptation of natural processes to achieve the desired result ’ d like to compactness. But it is no way to treat an old friend a woodland-type how to cut rhododendron flowers can be made compact. The shock of moving, some foliage should be among the first to cut out a tangle of branches. The leaves and how can I avoid this next year 's bloom it.
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