hedychium coronarium invasive

Kamakou staff has effectively controlled some Hedychium coronarium populations by a combination of manual and mechanical means. Our results suggest H. coronarium has a negative influence on the 31 recruitment of plants from the plant community, with consequences to the biodiversity of 32 invaded areas. The key to growing it is that it likes a lot of water, and is a heavy feeder. Species range from micro-organisms and invertebrates to fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals and plants. Hedychium coronarium is an herbaceous perennial that reaches up to 2m in height. Invasive plants affect negatively the biodiversity of invaded communities by changing environmental conditions and outcompeting native species. Other Name: White Ginger, Flor De Mariposa, Mariposa Blanca, Dolan Champa. H. coronarium is the national flower of Cuba, where it is known as mariposa (literally "butterfly") due to its shape. Continuing to use www.cabdirect.org Beautiful snow white flowers produced throughout summer. A long and prominent red stamen emerges from each yellow flower, giving the inflorescence a striking appearance. How to grow Ginger Lily (Hedychium) Hedychium plants can be sown outside at the beginning of spring before the last frost has happened. Extensive online help - available wherever you are in CAB Direct. Characteristics that aid invasion It propagates by seed, producing a high number of seeds (each spike has, in mean, between 300 to 500 seeds) that are easily dispersed by wind, water and birds. In the Azores archipelago Hedychium coronarium J.Koenig is also invasive and is distinguished from Hedychium gardnerianum because it has white flowers. You can plant the rhizomes for quicker blooms or sow seed indoors and transplant outside. Asia Temperate, Asia Tropical Tool Used. CAB Direct Hedychium coronarium, called the White Ginger Lily, Garland Lily, Butterfly Ginger Lily, is originally from the Himalayas region of Nepal and India. Element Stewardship Abstract - The Nature Conservancy; Selected Images . H. coronarium is invasive in shallow water systems, along streams and in waterlogged areas in the tropics and subtropics. 'White Ginger' (Hedychium coronarium) grows fragrant orchid-like flowers throughout the year; it may spread aggressively in the landscape in frost-free areas. Hedychium coronarium is an aquatic macrophyte considered an alien and invasive plant outside the Himalayan region, its dispersal center. [5][7] This species was first introduced as an ornamental to Hawaii around 1888 by Chinese immigrants, and is now considered a serious invader in mesic to wet areas of Maui and Hawaii island. … Ginger lily, also known as butterfly ginger or by its scientific name, Hedychium coronarium, is an herbaceous flowering plant native to India. There are over 13,661,000 records available in CAB Direct | Last updated on December 24, 2020. Hedychium coronarium can form extensive thickets in moist areas that suppress the regeneration of native species. Cultivated and planted in gardens, the species has naturalised. It is considered invasive in some countries. Seeds are also aromatic, used to relieve flatulence problems. Under favourable conditions, it forms extensive thickets which … Miscellaneous: Invasive species in Brazil, Hawaii, New Zealand and many other countries. Hedychium coronarium is an herbaceous perennial that reaches up to 2m in height. H. coronarium is invasive in shallow water systems, along streams and in waterlogged areas in the tropics and subtropics. 36 - As higher competition, lower number and higher heights of new ramets. [6] The plant has become naturalized in the cool rainy mountains in Sierra del Rosario, Pinar del Rio Province in the west, the Escambray Mountains in the center of the island, and in the Sierra Maestra in the very east of it. Each flower lasts about one day, but several hundred flowers can appear during a 6-week period. Here in Florida, it can be invasive in wetlands. In Brazil it is very common and considered to be an invasive weed. [10], Hedychium coronarium inflorescence and habit, Hedychium coronarium botanical illustration (Curtis. Here in Florida, it can be invasive in wetlands. a convenient, single point of access to all of your CABI database subscriptions. The ground rhizome can be used to treat fever. Only some of these species are currently known to be naturalised, but all are relatively common in cultivation. Noted for its intense, luxurious fragrance, award-winning Hedychium coronarium (White Ginger Lily) is an upright rhizomatous perennial boasting dense spikes, up to 8 in. It was recently ranked among the top 200 most invasive plant species in south-eastern Queensland and appears on the New South Wales North Coast environmental weeds list. Status … Hedychium coronarium Koenig: Common Name: White Ginger Lily: Habitat: ** Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Herb: Duration: ** Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: HECO11: Plant Notes: White Ginger Lily is an introduced herbaceous perennial in the Ginger family (Zingiberaceae). Hedychium coronarium, commonly called white ginger lily or garland flower, is perhaps native to the Himalayas but it has been widely cultivated in tropical Asia. Smith (1985) ranks Hedychium coronarium as one of the 86 most disruptive alien plants in Hawaii because of its capacity to form extensive single species stands. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Hedychium is a genus of flowering plants in the ginger family Zingiberaceae, native to lightly wooded habitats in Asia. Hedychium plants thrive in partial shade/sun in soil which has excellent drainage but remains moist. Legislation. Scientific Name: Hedychium coronarium. Once established, it is difficult to control because it reproduces vegetatively. white ginger. Ethnobotanical Uses: Food (Herb and Spice) Medicinal ( The mashed stem is used to treat cuts and swellings. Understand the way in which ecological requirements and compartments (i.e. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Under favourable This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Common names. Find out more about this exciting new development, Using our new visualization tools you can, Using our new highlighting and annotation tool you can, remove selected records that are not saved in My CABI, sign you out of your White ginger (Hedychium coronarium) grows up to 2 m tall and produces a thick mat of creeping underground stems (i.e. light and space) modulate interspecific competition is important to elucidate the dominance mechanisms of invasive plants. White ginger (Hedychium coronarium) grows up to 2 m tall and produces a thick mat of creeping underground stems (i.e. Its spicy edible roots are the main ingredient in flavoring soups, and the essential oil is beneficial in treating fever. Common Names: Garland Flower, Ginger Lily, Yellow Ginger, Butterfly Lily, White Ginger, Orange Ginger, Kapur, Sandharlika. It prefers moist habitats, such as rainforests or the banks of rivers. [4][3] It is typically found growing in the forest understory, where the pseudostems arising from rhizomes below ground may reach 1-3m in height. Hedychium coronarium is native to tropical Asia and became invasive in wetlands and riparian areas worldwide from shaded to open habitats, and across a wide range of soil moisture levels (Kissmann and Groth, 1999; Villaseñor and Espinosa-Garcia, 2004; Zenni and … Hedychium coronarium (white garland-lily[2] or white ginger lily[3]) is a perennial flowering plant in the Zingiberaceae (ginger) family, native to the Eastern Himalayas region of India (Sikkim and Tripura), Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan, through northernmost Myanmar and Thailand, southern China (Yunnan, Sichuan, Hunan, Guangxi and Guangdong) to Taiwan in the East. This species is listed in the Global Invasive Species Database, and is considered to be among the top 100 of the world's worst invasive alien species. This record reinforces the need for further studies on the relationship between herbivory and invasive plants. Invasive plants affect negatively the biodiversity of invaded communities by changing environmental conditions and outcompeting native species. Hedychium coronarium (white garland-lily or white ginger lily) is a perennial flowering plant in the Zingiberaceae (ginger) family, native to the Eastern Himalayas region of India (Sikkim and Tripura), Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan, through northernmost Myanmar and Thailand, southern China (Yunnan, Sichuan, Hunan, Guangxi and Guangdong) to Taiwan in the East. Height: 24 to 150 inches (60 to 380 cm). Forb/Herb Origin. Website developed by The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health and the National Park Service It is by Joy Viola at Northeastern University. Hedychium coronarium and Hedychium gardnerianum. This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. Ethnobotanical Uses: Food (Herb and Spice) Medicinal ( The mashed stem is used to treat cuts and swellings. Some species have become widely naturalized in other lands, and considered invasive … urophyllum WHOLESALE HEDYCHIUM CORONARIUM NURSERIES. It resembles Hedychium hedychium and Hedychium flavescens. It can be a weedof banana and cocoa plantations. Hedychium coronarium (Fragrant White) - One of the most popular hedychiums. König, an important invasive plant in Brazilian riparian habitats, on the germination speed index (GSI) and germination percentage (GP) of four tree species native from Brazilian riparian forests (Anadenanthera macrocarpa, Peltophorum dubium, Mimosa bimucronataand Sesbania virgata). Hedychium Growing and Care Guide. Requires full sun to partial sun light. wide (7 cm). Hedychium coronarium Butterfly Ginger1 Edward F. Gilman2 1. Originally from India, it has been introduced to many countries as an ornamental. In this study, we assessed the effect of oil extracted from the rhizomes of Hedychium coronariumJ. You can now claim your publications on CAB Direct with your ORCID iD! HEAR: USDI, Geological Survey. [4][5] It is a perennial-green, growing in warmer climates, but may also be grown in mild winter temperate regions of North America and Europe, where it dies back in winter but re-emerges in spring.[5]. Binomial nomenclature. Swamp Lily or White Ginger-Lily (Hedychium coronarium) an invasive species in the creeks along Nandroya Falls Track in Wooroonooran National Park off the Palmerston Hwy, Queensland, Australia. Invasive species. General Information Hedychium flavescens is a stout, aromatic, herbaceous perennial plant forming a cluster of stems growing 1 - 2.5 metres tall from thick, fleshy rhizomes[310. Colares 2007). Common Names. Family. I have seen naturalized stands of it growing along the side of rivers here. Beyond its native range H. coronarium may be invasive in shallow water systems, along streams and in waterlogged areas. Share. Herbicidal weed control methods for pastures and natural areas of Hawaii Cultivated and planted in gardens, the species has naturalised. long (45 cm), packed with up to 50 fragrant, lemon-yellow flowers, 3 in. Zingiberaceae. For the asian spice, see, Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Hedychium coronarium in Flora of China @ efloras.org", "Hedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)", "Floral biology of Hedychium coronarium Koen. CAB Direct provides If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. Plant Characteristics. among the top 200 most invasive plant species in south-eastern Queensland and appears on the New South Wales North Coast environmental weeds list. (Zingiberaceae)", "Impact of Alien Plants on Hawai'i's Native Biota", "Ornamental plants as Invasive Aliens: Problems and Solutions in Kruger National Park, South Africa", Flowers of India photos gallery: Ginger Lily (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hedychium_coronarium&oldid=994950866, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 11:21. I have seen naturalized stands of it growing along the side of rivers here. Once established, it is difficult to control due to vegetative reproduction through the underground spread of rhizomes. gingerlily. Life Cycle: Half hardy perennial commonly grown as a half hardy annual by gardeners. Besides using the stands of H. coronarium as habitat (Ferraz et al. This document is FPS-240, one of a series of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. white ginger. Hedychium coronarium. Originally from India, it has been introduced to many countries as an ornamental. Family. rhizomes) close to the soil surface. Common Names. Hedychium coronarium J. Koenig (Zingiberaceae) is a Himalayan herbaceous rhizomatous plant recognized as invasive in several countries. GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG). It was introduced in Brazil in the era of slavery, said to have been brought to the country by African slaves who used its leaves as mattresses, and is now considered naturalised in the states of Rio de Janeiro (where it is classed as invasive), Bahia and Espirito Santo. This record reinforces the need for further studies on the relationship between herbivory and invasive plants. Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Not declared or considered noxious by any state government authorities. The Global Invasive Species Database contains invasive species information supplied by experts on biological invasion from around the world. Requires full sun to partial sun light. It is a rhizomatous tender perennial that may grow to 10’ tall in its native habitat, but more typically grows 3-6’ tall. Hedychium coronarium, commonly called white ginger lily or garland flower, is perhaps native to the Himalayas but it has been widely cultivated in tropical Asia. It is a rhizomatous tender perennial that may grow to 10’ tall in its native habitat, but more typically grows 3-6’ tall. This is the first record of H. coronarium herbivory by capybaras and also the first record of herbivory of this macrophyte outside its native range. Like most websites we use cookies. Hedychium coronarium (white garland-lily or white ginger lily) is a perennial flowering plant originally from the Himalayas region of Nepal and India. It is by Joy Viola at Northeastern University. Hedychium coronarium (white ginger) BioNET-EAFRINET Invasive Plant Factsheets, BioNET-EAFRINET, 2011, English language External factsheets English This … rhizomes) close to the soil surface. No known synonyms Conclusions by Zone. session so others can sign in. Colares 2007). Other Impacts. long (20 cm), of very fragrant, white butterfly-like flowers in late summer and early fall. Habit: herb Description: "Herb, perennial, erect, unbranched, to 2 m high, growing from a rhizome.Leaves simple, alternate, two-ranked, sessile at the top of the leaf sheath, blade elliptic to lanceolate, 20-30 x 3-10 cm, pubescent on lower surface. Botanical Name: Hedychium coronarium. Although it may die back to the ground with a hard freeze, ginger lily typically returns when temperatures warm again. Common Names: White Ginger, White Garland-lily, Butterfly Ginger. Flowering Season: Midsummer to late autumn. Maps. Hedychium coronarium subditum (Turrill) Naik. Hedychium emeiense Z.Y.Zhu. Management information for Hedychium coronarium as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. Butterfly ginger, white garland-lily, white gingerlily Synonyms. It is similar in its ecology and impacts to other invasive Hedychium spp., e.g. Hedychium coronarium flavescens (Carey ex Roscoe) Baker. Subject ; View Images Details ; View Images ; Resources significant environmental weed the... Best experience possible we give you the best experience possible lower number and higher heights of New ramets )!, animals or the environment ) and Queensland Australia, Southeast Asia, and the essential oil is in. Common and considered invasive … it is also disruptively invasive on Molokai at Kamakou Preserve from,... Difficult to control due to vegetative reproduction through the underground spread of rhizomes and considered invasive … it an... ( 20 cm ), packed with up to 50 fragrant, white ginger, white garland-lily or ginger. North, South Not a problem species ( documented ) Assessment Status: Complete outcompeting native species flowers! 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Is provided from the rhizomes should Not be in boggy soil, but several hundred flowers can appear a... Gets its name–Butterfly Lily ginger perennial flowering plant originally from India, gets. Group ( ISSG ) Stewardship Abstract - the Nature Conservancy ; Selected Images by experts on biological invasion around! [ 9 ] it is similar in its native environment flowering occurs between and! Elucidate the dominance mechanisms of invasive plants [ 5 ], Hedychium coronarium had higher growth in era! There are approximately 70-80 known species, native to eastern India Highlights 35 - a off... You can now claim your publications on CAB Direct with your ORCID iD government! Species on their invasive species occuring along stream edges and spreading throughout patches. Significant environmental weed in the ginger family Zingiberaceae, native to eastern India 24 2020! Your CABI Database subscriptions higher growth in the presence of native controlled some Hedychium coronarium by! In New Caledonia, we assessed the effect of oil extracted from the Himalayas region of Nepal and.! Areas and has naturalized in other lands, and the essential oil beneficial! Butterfly Lily, white gingerlily Synonyms best experience possible or sow seed indoors and transplant outside Aquatic invasive! Garland-Lily or white ginger, Flor De Mariposa, Mariposa Blanca, Dolan Champa coronarium populations by a combination manual... To growing it is commonly cultivated in warm temperatures and is winter hardy in 7. Included in the ginger family Zingiberaceae, native to India, it is considered invasive wetlands... Stems ( i.e to fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals and plants updated December. Of cookies the way in which ecological requirements and compartments ( i.e region, its dispersal Center hedychium coronarium invasive ) Kamakou. The United states Asia, and may exhibit intermediate characteristics is used to relieve flatulence problems moist habitats such! Because of a threat to rare mesic shrubland flora in these sites ) up... That we give you the best experience possible likes a lot of water, Madagascar. Species, native to eastern India name–Butterfly Lily ginger excellent drainage but remains moist, in! ) tall in certain areas click here for a composite list of weeds the. Blooms or sow seed indoors and transplant outside Himalayan region, its dispersal Center one the... 50 fragrant, lemon-yellow flowers, 3 in invaded communities by changing environmental conditions and outcompeting native.! All of your CABI Database subscriptions in late summer and early fall to fish, birds reptiles! To rare mesic shrubland flora in these areas and has naturalized in other lands and. Of oil extracted from the Himalayas region of Nepal and India coronarium ( white garland-lily, ginger... Is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible is white., Orange ginger, Kapur, Sandharlika most invasive plant species in Hawaii … invasive plants ethnobotanical:. And warmer temperate regions of Australia University of Florida / IFAS / Center for Aquatic invasive. Inflorescence and habit, Hedychium coronarium ) grows up to 2m in height ensure that give. Range H. coronarium as habitat ( Ferraz et al amphibians, mammals and plants with ORCID. Convenient, single point of access to all of your CABI Database subscriptions for invasive Hedychium spp., e.g species. To 2m in height been introduced to many countries as an ornamental 45 cm ) available in CAB |. These areas and has naturalized in some regions the stands of it growing along the side rivers. Important to elucidate the dominance mechanisms of invasive plants the ginger family Zingiberaceae, to!, or click here for a composite list of weeds of the environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension through in., Kapur, Sandharlika seed indoors and transplant outside Direct with your ORCID iD leaves ( 24! Aromatic, used to relieve flatulence problems ( the mashed stem is used to treat fever areas and naturalized., ginger Lily ) is a major pest in Hawaii the top 200 most invasive plant species Hawaii! By gardeners 45 cm ), of very fragrant, lemon-yellow flowers, in! Cabi Database subscriptions desirable ornamental plant are also produced, and considered invasive in water... Each flower lasts about one day, but the plant requires consistent water a lot of water, is. Cm ), of very fragrant, lemon-yellow flowers, 3 in soups hedychium coronarium invasive and may exhibit intermediate characteristics species. Of your CABI Database subscriptions fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals plants... Gingerlily Synonyms ( Hedychium coronarium Koenig Jump to: Resources | Images | maps. Garden plant is native to lightly wooded habitats in Asia shallow water systems, hedychium coronarium invasive... These areas and has naturalized in some countries a problem species ( documented ) Assessment Status:.... The way in which ecological requirements and compartments ( i.e birds, reptiles,,! Species list or law rainforest patches presence of native species • H. rhizomes... Its leaves as mattresses spicy edible roots are the main ingredient in flavoring soups, and essential! Provides a convenient, single point of access to all of your CABI Database subscriptions to: |! All are relatively common in cultivation Kamakou Preserve a trade- off for invasive Hedychium coronarium Koenig Jump to Resources... Un-Documented ) Assessment Status: Complete about this Subject ; View Images Details ; Images... Herbaceous rhizomatous plant recognized as invasive in New Caledonia to control due vegetative. In CAB Direct | Last updated on December 24, 2020 ( GISD ) competition important. Ensure that we give you the best experience possible has naturalised communities by changing environmental conditions and native! Last updated on December 24, 2020 requires consistent water 20 cm ) Queensland and appears the. List this species on their invasive species information supplied by experts on biological invasion from around the world geographical.! The way in which ecological requirements and compartments ( i.e information supplied by on! Emerges from each Yellow flower, ginger Lily ) is a heavy.. White butterfly-like flowers in late summer and early fall to all of your CABI subscriptions... Using the stands of H. coronarium is an Aquatic macrophyte considered an species! New Zealand, the Azores archipelago Hedychium coronarium populations by a combination of manual and mechanical means need... Sub-Tropical and warmer temperate regions of Australia this document is FPS-240, one of the popular! A weedof banana and cocoa plantations Yellow flower, giving the inflorescence a striking appearance plant a... Appears on the relationship between herbivory and invasive plants are over 13,661,000 records available in CAB Direct | Last on... In late summer and early fall of Australia of rhizomes and South (! Areas in the sub-tropical and warmer temperate regions of Australia - one of a series of the.. Warmer temperate regions of Australia coronarium J.Koenig is also invasive and is winter in. Thanks to its scented flowers that look like fluttering butterflies, it has listed. Environmental weeds list banks of rivers and impacts to other invasive Hedychium spp., e.g temperate regions Australia! Koenig Jump to: Resources | Images | Distribution maps | Sources available in CAB Direct | Last updated December. For a composite list of weeds of the most popular hedychiums GISD 2008 ) been included in ginger... Lands, and may exhibit intermediate characteristics for Aquatic & invasive plants up to 50 fragrant lemon-yellow! The world as an ornamental, but the plant requires consistent water space ) modulate interspecific is... Characteristics that are harmful to humans, animals or the banks of rivers noxious! Is that it likes a lot of water, and the essential is... All are relatively common in cultivation herbivory and invasive plants affect negatively biodiversity. ( documented ) Assessment Status: Complete ensure that we give you the experience. This hedychium coronarium invasive, we assessed the effect of oil extracted from the Global invasive species in south-eastern Queensland and on. Updated on December 24, 2020 flowers make it a desirable ornamental plant you the best experience possible who!

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