geranium botanical name

The closely related genus Pelargonium contains some 280 species of annual, biennial, and perennial herbaceous plants that are commonly called geraniums. Geranium is identified by the botanical name Pelargonium graveolens and Rose Geranium’s specific botanical name is Pelargonium graveolens var. Absent. Geranium, (genus Geranium ), also called cranesbill, any of a group of about 300 species of perennial herbs or shrubs in the family Geraniaceae, native mostly to subtropical southern Africa. Although they are often grown as annuals, they may overwinter in zones as cool as zone 7. Impact (1 is very low - … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Middle. Flower are broadly circular form with palmately divided leaves. Updates? Geranium arboreum. Selected as the 2008 Perennial Plant of the Year. It is an ivy-leaved geranium that has a compact form and grows vigorously. Some hardy geraniums are evergreen or semi-evergreen and make excellent groundcovers - so don't cut back their foliage in the fall! These are primarily included because names of species … Current status in UK. Botanical name: Geranium. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Other common names includes cranesbill geranium (Geranium macrorrhizum), bloody geranium (Geranium sanguineum), and wild geranium (Geranium maculatum). Pelargonium graveolens / Pelargonium asperum. Geranium is a genus of about 300 species of annuals and herbaceous perennials from temperate regions. Type. It is known for its beneficial effects on women's reproductive health and can be helpful in easing the tension associated with the stress of daily life. Statistics. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Hawai'i red cranesbill. They look so great in pots and window boxes, and they are one of the most popular container plants. Origin / Native : South Africa. roseum. After 2 decades, this patent has expired in February 2019 (for the United States and GATT signatory countries). Mass for ground cover. Method of Extraction and Plant Part: Steam distilled from leaves & flowers Country of Origin: China Believed to: Geraniums (Pelargonium x hortorum) make popular bedding plants in the garden, but they’re also commonly grown indoors or outside in hanging baskets. Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Botanical Name: Rose Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens) When you think of a rose geranium a sweet, light scent might be one of the first thoughts that comes to mind. Zonal, house, or bedding geraniums (P. × hortorum, a complex hybrid largely derived from P. inguinans and P. zonale) are the familiar forms in garden culture and in pots indoors. Geranium essential oil and Rose Geranium essential oil both come from P. graveolens– they are just from different varieties; the full botanical name of “Rose” Geranium is Pelargonium graveolens var. Deadheading is tedious and probably unnecessary since plants usually do not repeat bloom. Geraniums are among the most popular of bedding and greenhouse plants. Thin. Botanical Name. True to its name, the plant emits a strong minty aroma. The aromatic, or scented-leaved, geraniums are found in several species, including P. abrotanifolium, P. capitatum, P. citrosum, P. crispum, P. graveolens, and P. odoratissimum. Geraniaceae – Geranium family. Geranium maculatum is a clump-forming, Missouri native, woodland perennial which typically occurs in woods, thickets and shaded roadside areas throughout the State. Geranium 'Jolly Bee' (Cranesbill 'Jolly Bee') Common pest name. Spacing: 20 inches. The closely related genus Pelargonium contains some 280 species of annual, biennial, and perennial herbaceous plants that are commonly … Marketing Information: Bench Card Download a Bench Card. Geranium L. – geranium. Forms a mound of foliage that grows to 24" tall and 18" wide. Various types of Pelargonium are regular participants in flower shows and competitive events, with numerous societies devoted exclusively to their cultivation. Watch for snails and slugs. Botanically, they are called Pelargonium. The Plants Database includes the following 44 species of Geranium . Sunlight: full sun partial shade . It forms a dense, weed-suppressing matt of green, deeply lobed leaves, from which small, nodding, white flowers with yellow centres appear on tall stems, from late spring to early summer. GERANIUM ESSENTIAL OIL (BOURBON) Botanical Name: Pelargonium graveolens L'Her. Geraniums are popular in cottage garden schemes and offer a long season of pollen and nectar for a number of pollinators, particularly bees. It is an ivy-leaved geranium that has a compact form and grows vigorously. Prefers moist, humusy soils, but tolerates poor soils. Genus. A number of geranium species are cultivated for horticultural use and for pharmaceutical products. Geranium, (genus Geranium), also called cranesbill, any of a group of about 300 species of perennial herbs or shrubs in the family Geraniaceae, native mostly to subtropical southern Africa. Insect. Breeding and selection has resulted in a line of seed geraniums useful in bedding for their regular symmetry, elongated flower stalks, and habit of rapid and clean dropping of flower petals. Most of the cultivated species are hybrids. Foliage may yellow in hot summers if soil is allowed to dry out. The Plant List includes a further 378 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Geranium.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Subordinate Taxa. Common Method of Extraction. True geraniums are perennials called cranesbill geraniums. Chrysodeixis eriosoma. Consistency. Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high) 3. Zones 9-11. Credit: Peter Krumhardt Peppermint-scented geranium Pelargonium tomentosum is a spreading subshrub with fuzzy silvery-gray leaves. Geranium sanguineum, commonly called bloody cranesbill or bloodred geranium, is an herbaceous, clump-forming perennial that typically grows in a mound to 9-12” tall with white-hairy trailing stems spreading over time to as much as 24” wide. Geranium botanical name is pelargonium graveolens, it includes around 422 species in their family. Perfumery Note. Geraniums are among the most popular of bedding and greenhouse plants. Rose geranium oil is also said to have stronger mood and hormone balancing properties, although there’s no scientific research to back up this claim. Ornamental Features. Family: Geraniaceae. fuchsias, geraniums, sweet peas, snapdragons, and a variety of bulbous plants including daffodils, irises,...…. Series uniformity and a right balance of habit and vigor make it perfect for bench runs and multiple crop turns. Rose Geranium essential oil FANCY LATIN NAME: Pelargonium graveolens, var. Bloom Description: Pale pink, deep pink, lilac, Tolerate: Rabbit, Deer, Drought, Dry Soil. “Rozanne” is the trademark name that the plant was marketed under, in honor of Mrs. Waterer. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/geranium-plant-genus-Geranium, Texas State Historical Association - The Handbook of Texas Online - Biography of Zebulon Montgomery Pike, geranium - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), geranium - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Ivy, or hanging, geraniums (P. peltatum) are grown as basket plants indoors and out; they are also used as ground covers in warm areas. Scientific pest name. Minty, fruity, floral, and spicy fragrances are released readily when their leaves are rubbed or bruised. WHERE IT COMES FROM: The organic rose geranium we use is from South Africa, where the Pelargonium genus originated, but it is also grown in northern Africa, China, and several European countries. Rozanne Cranesbill has masses of beautiful blue flowers with white eyes at the ends of the stems from late spring to mid summer, which are most effective when planted in groupings. Cranesbill, or hardy geraniums, are perennial border plants with saucer-shaped flowers in shades of pink, purple and blue. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Plant Part Typically Used. They are easy to propagate vegetatively from cuttings. Growing Information: Culture Guidelines. Features 1 1/4" diameter, pink to lilac, saucer-shaped, upward facing, 5-petaled flowers in spring for a period of 6-7 weeks. Color. How to Grow Geraniums Depending on where or how you grow geranium plants, their needs will be somewhat different. Flowers give way to distinctive, beaked seed capsules which give rise to the common name of crane's bill.Genus name comes from the Greek word geranos meaning crane in reference to the fruit which purportedly resembles the head and beak of a crane.Specific epithet means spotted. You might be surprised to know that these common plants are not geraniums at all. Here are common names of Geranium: Geranium in German: Geranie Geranium in French: Géranium The plant grows 12-18 inches tall and wide, and bears small white flowers. Noteworthy Characteristics. However, by that time the common name "geranium" for the florists plants was part of the public vernacular and it stuck. Several African Pelargonium species are commercially important for geranium oil, an essential oil used in perfumery. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Some of the more commonly grown species include: Zonal geraniums are basically tropical perennials. Many make excellent garden plants and many hybrids have been made. Best in part shade areas of borders and woodland gardens. Geranium phaeum ‘Album’ is a fantastic cranesbill geranium, useful for growing in shade. Clear to Pale Yellow/Green. Order: Geraniales. Green semi-looper. Leaves. No serious insect or disease problems. The show, or Martha Washington, geraniums (P. × domesticum, largely derived from P. cucullatum, P. angulosum, and P. grandiflorum) have large pansylike flowers, few to the cluster. Another common name is sweet-leaved geranium. You may think that red, pink, or white annual flowering plants with thick pleated leaves are called \"geraniums,\" since everyone calls them that. It is used chiefly in perfumes, soaps, ointments, and tooth and dusting powders. Type : Annual, biennial, perennial plants. Rose Geranium Essential Oil smells floral, somewhat rosy and green. Geranium maculatum is a clump-forming, Missouri native, woodland perennial which typically occurs in woods, thickets and shaded roadside areas throughout the State. Another name of geranium is 'cranesbills' it is due to their long and beak shaped fruits. The cultivated geraniums of the genus Pelargonium are herbaceous to woody, with thick fleshy leaves varying in shape from round to lobed to deeply cut; the flowers, borne in terminal clusters, vary in colour from white through shades of pink to deep red and violet. Corrections? Strength of Initial Aroma. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. It is native to Europe and Asia. Foliage may decline after flowering in hot summer climates, at which point it may be lightly sheared back and shaped to revitalize. Omissions? Very Strong. (Note: This page is about plants in the genus Pelargonium, commonly called geraniums or storksbills. They’re easy to grow, thrive in shade and flower for months. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Forms a mound of foliage that grows to 24" tall and 18" wide. Aromatic Description. Genus name comes from the Greek word geranos meaning crane in reference to the fruit which purportedly resembles the head and beak of a crane. Rust and leaf spot may occur. While you’re right on target with the scent, the flower is actually not a geranium at all. Will naturalize in optimum growing conditions. A GUIDE TO GERANIUM OIL VARIETIES & THEIR BENEFITS . Many of the garden cultivars are derived from hybrids achieved by crossing species. Deeply cut, palmately 5-lobed, dark green leaves (to 6" across). The Plant List includes 1,216 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Geranium.Of these 411 are accepted species names. Features 1 1/4" diameter, pink to lilac, saucer-shaped, upward facing, 5-petaled flowers in spring for a period of 6-7 weeks. Geranium oil goes by the name Pelargonium Graveolens, while rose geranium oil is called Pelargonium Roseum. The two plants were originally lumped into the one genus (genus Geranium), but in the 1780s, the genus Pelargonium was split from Geranium. Botanical Name: Geranium Height: 18 inches. roseum. Don't confuse them with the lovely bedding plants called 'geraniums', which belong to the genus Pelargonium and are much more tender (very few are hardy). Geranium sylvaticum Common name(s): Wood Cranesbill, Woodland Geranium Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Geraniaceae Origin: Asia, Europe More infos: is also available in other blooming colors. Can be grown on light shaded to shaded places. This is one of the best recent Cranesbill introductions, excellent for long-season display and leagues better than older garden forms such as ‘Johnson’s Blue'. While mostly propagated by stem cuttings, from which flowering plants can be produced in four or five months, geraniums are also grown from seed. There are 5 petals in pink, rose to blue and white flowers. Geranium is often confused with its close cousin Pelargonium (florist geranium). Steam Distilled. It is similar in aroma to Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens/Pelargonium asperum) but has a slightly more rosy fragrance. Tango's dark foliage is a consumer favorite, pair this with its wide range of colors and grower benefits and you have the ideal zonal geranium for small pots. Other Names: Hardy Geranium. The botanical name for the balcon princess geranium is PELARGONIUM peltatum (BALCON SERIES). Zonal geraniums grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 9 through 12. Geraniaceae. ... No matter you would know botanical name ... Read More >> Flowers A to Z Want to know more information about the flower ... Read More >> Chrysanthemum varieties An important genus of... Read More >> Geranium oil, which is also called pelargonium oil, or rose-geranium oil, is colourless to pale yellow-brown or greenish and has an odour like that of roses. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Geranium Essential Oil smells floral, fresh, sweet and slightly fruity. Plant Family. Geranium Egyptian is a marvelous skin-balancing oil that can improve the overall skin complexion. Plant name. Th… Hardiness Zone: 3b. Plants in the genus Geranium are also commonly used in gardens, but are typically referred to as hardy geraniums or cranesbills.) The botanical name is actually “Gerwat”, which stands for Geranium and Waterer. Growing geranium plants is easy as long as you can give them what they need. Double flowers and mixed colours as well as ragged or frilled petals are available. As a group, they are also known as true geraniums, perennial geraniums, or wild geraniums. Precision™ Red Ice Ivy Geranium. Roseum while “regular” Geranium is just known as Will be somewhat different, this patent has expired in February 2019 ( for the genus geranium also... Used chiefly in perfumes, soaps, ointments, and spicy fragrances are released readily when their leaves rubbed... 280 species of geranium species are cultivated for horticultural use and for pharmaceutical products can! S specific botanical name Pelargonium graveolens, it includes around 422 species their!, ointments, and tooth and dusting powders ( BOURBON ) botanical:! Name, the plant List includes 1,216 scientific plant names of species … Another common name is geranium. It may be lightly sheared back and shaped to revitalize shaded to shaded places garden cultivars derived... 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