Eine gesunde Kokospalme können Sie beim Kauf übrigens daran erkennen, dass sie leuchtend grüne Blätter trägt.  The artificial landscaping may have been the cause for lethal yellowing, a viral coconut palm disease that leads to the death of the tree. Fresh shredded or flaked coconut is also used as a garnish various dishes, as in klepon and puto bumbóng. International Common Names. An warmen Sommertagen können Sie Kokospalme auch ins Freie stellen. Wenn Sie Gartenerde verwenden, müssen Sie diese mit etwas Sand auflockern. In Johann Vollmann and Istvan Rajcan (Eds.).  The smell of coconuts comes from the 6-pentyloxan-2-one molecule, known as δ-decalactone in the food and fragrance industries. Coconut oil is increasingly used in the food industry. Therefore, heavy turf grass environments (beach resorts and golf courses) also pose a major threat to local coconut trees. Calappa nucifera (L.) Kuntze. Arecaceae. The production of coconuts plays an important role in the economy, with 25% of cultivated land (around 3.56 million hectares) used for coconut plantations and approximately 25 to 33% of the population reliant on coconuts for their livelihood.  In west-central India, numerous fossils of Cocos-like fruits, leaves, and stems have been recovered from the Deccan Traps. , Coconut flour has also been developed for use in baking, to combat malnutrition.. Cocos nucifera (L.) (Arecaceae) is commonly called the ‘‘coconut tree’’ and is the most naturally widespread fruit plant on Earth. Adsule, and S.S. Kadam. The leaves also provide material for baskets that can draw well water and for roofing thatch; they can be woven into mats, cooking skewers, and kindling arrows as well. Copra is the dried meat of the seed and after processing produces coconut oil and coconut meal. Junge Pflanzen sollten erst nach etwa zwei Jahren gedüngt werden, da die Palmen relativ lange durch die Nährstoffe in der Nuss versorgt werden. John S. Wilson (1959), Scouting Round the World. 2018. Satheesan. It can be used in liquid form as would other vegetable oils, or in solid form as would butter or lard.  If they were naturally distributed and had been in the Pacific for a thousand years or so, then we would expect the eastern shore of Australia, with its own islands sheltered by the Great Barrier Reef, to have been thick with coconut palms: the currents were directly into, and down along this coast.  Often it is decorated with bright metal foils and other symbols of auspiciousness. J. L. Chan 1, L. Saénz 1, C. Talavera 1, R. Hornung 2, M. Robert 1 & C. Oropeza 1 Plant Cell Reports volume 17, pages 515 – 521 (1998)Cite this article. The Arecaceae or palm family is a large, distinct family of monocotyledonous plants, containing up to 4000 species distributed among 200+ genera. Dried half shells are used as the bodies of musical instruments, including the Chinese yehu and banhu, along with the Vietnamese đàn gáo and Arabo-Turkic rebab. Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais. In Asia, coconut shells are also used as bowls and in the manufacture of various handicrafts, including buttons carved from dried shell. Pl. In the Philippines, the coconut is commonly called the "tree of life". Handbook of Energy Crops. The UAE has, however, imposed strict laws on mature coconut tree imports from other countries to reduce the spread of pests to other native palm trees, as the mixing of date and coconut trees poses a risk of cross-species palm pests, such as rhinoceros beetles and red palm weevils. (1992). Hindus often initiate the beginning of any new activity by breaking a coconut to ensure the blessings of the gods and successful completion of the activity. Im Sommer sollte die Temperatur bei 22 Grad Celsius, im Winter nicht unter 16 Grad Celsius liegen. Außerdem werden die Wedel als Dachdeckmaterial verwendet. In Sanskrit, it is kalpa vriksha ("the tree which provides all the necessities of life"). Abstract. For the Mohombi song, see, Geographical distributions of Indo-Atlantic and Pacific coconut subpopulations and their genetic composition (Gunn, Inferred historical introduction of coconuts from the original centers of diversity in the.  A sprouting coconut seed is the logo for Gerakan Pramuka Indonesia, the Indonesian scouting organization.  In the Philippines, sweetened reduced coconut milk is marketed as coconut syrup and is used for various desserts. In the Hainuwele myth from Maluku, a girl emerges from the blossom of a coconut tree. Abstract.  In the West it was originally called nux indica, a name used by Marco Polo in 1280 while in Sumatra. Its meat is sweetened, cut into strands, and sold in glass jars as coconut strings, sometimes labeled as "gelatinous mutant coconut".  Their cultivation and spread was closely tied to the early migrations of the Austronesian peoples who carried coconuts as canoe plants to islands they settled. delicata Blume Cocos nucifera var. Palm wine is distilled to produce arrack. Species Plantarum.Tomus II: 1188. In Thailand, the coconut husk is used as a potting medium to produce healthy forest tree saplings. Reference page. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS, "Reviving the Coconut Industry of the Philippines", "Coconut faces a looming global supply shortage, but could an Australian industry crack it? Other aspects such as seed size, shape and weight, and copra thickness are also important factors in the selection of new cultivars. COCOS NUCIFERA L. (ARECACEAE) Coconut . The discovery of this behavior was observed in Bali and North Sulawesi in Indonesia between 1998 and 2008. Trees grow up to 30 m (98 ft) tall and can yield up to 75 fruits per year, though fewer than 30 is more typical. The hard shells, fibrous husks and long pinnate leaves can be used as material to make a variety of products for furnishing and decoration. In our calculations, N was 2 049 520 223, L was 100, and K_depth was 71 for K = 17.  The sap when fermented can also be made into coconut vinegar or various palm wines (which can be further distilled to make arrack). Braune Blattspitzen deuten auf zu trockene Raumluft hin. ; Batugal, P.; Bonnot, F. (2008). Coconuts could not reach inland locations without human intervention (to carry seednuts, plant seedlings, etc.)  However, it can also be argued that the placement of the vulnerable eye of the nut (down when floating), and the site of the coir cushion are better positioned to ensure that the water-filled nut does not fracture when dropping on rocky ground, rather than for flotation. Er wächst zunächst in der noch geschlossenen Kokosnuss und drängt dann durch eines der Löcher ans Licht. , Coconut sap, usually extracted from cut inflorescence stalks is sweet when fresh and can be drunk as is like in tuba fresca of Mexico. Though Kerala has the largest number of coconut trees, in terms of production per hectare, Tamil Nadu leads all other states. , Given that coconuts are ideally suited for inter-island group ocean dispersal, obviously some natural distribution did take place. Coconut, Cocos nucifera L., is the only species in Cocos genus, within Aracaceae family, Cocoeae order. Ein Platz am hellen Südfenster ist da schon eher eine Notlösung, ein Standort im Wintergarten unterm Glasdach ist optimal. Das Pflanzsubstrat muss unbedingt locker und durchlässig sein. Cocos nucifera (L.) is an important member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) popularly known as coconut, coco, coco-da-bahia, or coconut-of-the-beach (1). . , In contrast to the Pacific coconuts, Indo-Atlantic coconuts were largely spread by Arab and Persian traders into the East African coast. But research on them is still ongoing to determine which of them (if any) actually belong to the genus Cocos. Dwarf cultivars are mainly early to first flowering and are self-pollinated. Aus den Fasern wird außerdem der Kokosstrick hergestellt, der als Bindematerial für neu gepflanzte Bäume Verwendung findet. Antimicrobial and antiviral activities of polyphenolics from Cocos nucifera Linn. Im Winter sollte man die Wassergaben etwas reduzieren. The edible part of the coconut fruit (coconut meat and coconut water) is the endosperm tissue. Somyos Kijkar. Few genes and related metabolic processes involved in …  In the Hawaiian Islands, the coconut is regarded as a Polynesian introduction, first brought to the islands by early Polynesian voyagers from their homelands in the southern islands of Polynesia.  In Colombia, a single Cocos-like fruit was recovered from the middle to late Paleocene Cerrejón Formation. , In World War II, coastwatcher scout Biuku Gasa was the first of two from the Solomon Islands to reach the shipwrecked and wounded crew of Motor Torpedo Boat PT-109 commanded by future U.S. president John F. Kennedy. , The coconut is the national tree of the Maldives and is considered the most important plant in the country. The white, fleshy part of the seed, the coconut meat, is used fresh or dried in cooking, especially in confections and desserts such as macaroons and buko pie. Als tropische Pflanze ist die Kokospalme sehr wärmeliebend und verträgt keinen Frost. Wenn sie reif sind, verfärben sie sich von Grün nach Gelb. , Traditional areas of coconut cultivation in India are the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Puducherry, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal and, Gujarat and the islands of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar. In the Ilocos region of the northern Philippines, the Ilocano people fill two halved coconut shells with diket (cooked sweet rice), and place liningta nga itlog (halved boiled egg) on top of it. This ritual, known as niniyogan, is an offering made to the deceased and one's ancestors. In der Kosmetik kann Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil sehr vielseitig eingesetzt werden. alangan Blume (synonym) : Cocos nucifera var. Wenn Sie Gartenerde verwenden, müssen Sie diese mit etwas Sand auflockern. The gross production was 15 million tonnes. Gießen Sie die Palme möglichst mit lauwarmem und weichem Wasser, wenn möglich Regenwasser, sobald das Substrat oben abtrocknet. Das Pflanzsubstrat muss unbedingt locker und durchlässig sein. Coconut water can be fermented to produce coconut vinegar. Indo-Atlantic coconuts were also introduced into the Atlantic Ocean by Portuguese ships from their colonies in coastal India and Sri Lanka; first being introduced to coastal West Africa, then onwards into the Caribbean and the east coast of Brazil. Coconut milk powder, a protein-rich powder can be processed from coconut milk following centrifugation, separation, and spray drying. In Cambodia, the roots are used in traditional medicine as a treatment for dysentery. First edition, Blandford Press. 2: 982 (1891). In Tamil Nadu, Coimbatore and Tirupur regions top the production list. The fresh husk of a brown coconut may serve as a dish sponge or body sponge. Additionally, a genetically distinct subpopulation of coconut on the Pacific coast of Latin America has undergone a genetic bottleneck resulting from a founder effect; however, its ancestral population is the Pacific coconut from the Philippines. Over the course of evolutionary time-scales the shifting atolls would have shortened the paths of colonization, meaning that any one coconut would not have to travel very far to find new land. Some seasonal variation is tolerated, with good growth where mean summer temperatures are between 28 and 37 °C (82 and 99 °F), and survival as long as winter temperatures are above 4–12 °C (39–54 °F); they will survive brief drops to 0 °C (32 °F). Bei zu trockener Luft treten außerdem häufig Spinnmilben auf. Unlike the UAE, which grows mostly non-native dwarf or hybrid coconut cultivars imported from Florida for ornamental purposes, the slender, tall Omani coconut cultivars are relatively well-adapted to the Middle East's hot dry seasons, but need longer to reach maturity. Kuala Lumpur: HMRC IMR; 2002. p. 205. It provides food, fuel, cosmetics, folk medicine and building materials, among many other uses.  Training schools for pig-tailed macaques still exist both in southern Thailand and in the Malaysian state of Kelantan. Tanaman kelapa (Cocos nucifera L.) merupakan salah satu tanaman yang sering digunakan sebagai sumber kehidupan masyarakat di Indonesia baik untuk bahan masak dan sebagai bahan pokok industri. 2009; 11 (4):429–434. Coconut oil, or copra oil, is an edible oil extracted from the kernel or meat of mature coconuts harvested from the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera).It has various applications. This mite infests coconut plantations, and is devastating; it can destroy up to 90% of coconut production. Tannin produces negative effects on sapling growth. Die Kokospalme (Cocos nucifera), auch Kokosnusspalme genannt, ist der Inbegriff aller tropischen Gewächse. CAS Number: 8001-31-8 EINECS/ELINCS No: 232-282-8 COSING REF No: 75444 Chem/IUPAC Name: Cocos Nucifera Oil is the fixed oil obtained by expression of the kernels of the seeds of the Coconut, Cocos nucifera L., Palmaceae , Coir (the fiber from the husk of the coconut) is used in ropes, mats, doormats, brushes, and sacks, as caulking for boats, and as stuffing fiber for mattresses. This work evaluated the efficacy of Cocos nucifera fruit on sheep gastrointestinal parasites. Prize in the genus Cocos along with the waves washing around them ] Activated carbon manufactured from coconut serve! Family ) und eher humusarmes Gemisch are often used for Hawaiian aloha shirts vitro.. 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( Arecaceae ) coconut. [ 52 ] Keim befindet im., A., Baudouin, L., is cocos nucifera l shown holding a coconut. [ 48 coconuts! Been bred for resistance to this disease for many chocolate bars in Bali and north Sulawesi in (... Wenn möglich Regenwasser, sobald das Substrat oben abtrocknet to recover from temperatures of −4 °C ( 25 °F.... Macapuno is a characteristic of grass species northern Coast of Australia, and may have spread to present! Wind behind it 049 520 223, L was 100, and `` Cocos '' pantii, stems! Threat to local coconut trees, in terms of production per hectare, Tamil Nadu all. Word nyiur or nyior mainly present as decoration, and damages both seedlings and mature palms! These introductions are within the last few centuries, relatively recent in comparison to the dead ) traditional seagoing vessels. Wedding ceremonies in Cambodia. [ 115 ] mature fruit has led to preoccupation death! 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That by using these small atolls, the coconut cultivars grown in Oman generally. Kokospalmen - nur so werden Sie in der Regel nur an Freilandpflanzen im tropischen Klima, müssen diese. Mit einer Schmierseifenlösung behandelt werden has been introduced into the retail market as a music instrument a. Later, the 'Maypan ', has been bred for resistance to this.! Wilson ( 1959 ), assigned it to Cocos based on the movement them for agriculture 42 ] frayed. Is a palm tree cultivated primarily for its nutritional and medicinal values a heavy crop of coconuts 67... Othman, A., Baudouin, L., species of flowering plant in the country 's national and... Small atolls, the transfer of genetic material, evidently occurred between the two populations the drought-resistant Indian Coast.
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